1 FAM 330
BUREAU OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION AFFAIRS (IO)
(Office of Origin: EUR-IO/EX)
1 FAM 331 ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION AFFAIRS
1 FAM 331.1 Assistant Secretary Responsibilities
The Assistant Secretary for International Organization Affairs:
(1) Reports directly to the Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs (P);
(2) Provides guidance and support for U.S. participation in international organizations, peacekeeping and humanitarian operations, human rights, economic and social affairs, technical agencies, international development, U.S. citizen employment in international organizations, and international conferences. The Assistant Secretary leads in the development, coordination, and implementation of U.S. multilateral policy and formulates and implements U.S. policy toward international organizations, with particular emphasis on those organizations which make up the United Nations (UN) system;
(3) Has responsibility for Department of State functions with respect to details and transfers of Federal employees to international organizations and accreditation of delegations to international organizations and conferences; and
(4) Has substantive and coordinating responsibility for 1 FAM 330, Bureau of International Organization Affairs (IO).
1 FAM 331.2 Organization
An organization chart of the Bureau of International Organization Affairs (IO) is found at 1 FAM Exhibit 331.2.
1 FAM 331.3 Authorities
Authorities are as follows:
(1) 22 U.S.C. 2651a and 2656, general authorities of the Secretary of State for the conduct of foreign relations and management of the Department;
(2) United Nations Participation Act of 1945 (Public Law 79-264), as amended;
(3) International Organizations Immunities Act (Public Law 79-291), as amended (22 U.S.C. 288 et seq.);
(4) United Nations Environment Program Participation Act of 1973 (Public Law 93-188);
(5) United Nations Peacekeeping Forces in the Middle East (Public Law 94-37, as amended);
(6) National Defense Authorization Act, FY 1994 (Public Law 103-160);
(7) Foreign Relations Authorization Act, FY 1994-95 (Public Law 102-236);
(8) E.O. 10206 of January 19, 1951, concerning peaceful settlement of disputes;
(9) Presidential Delegation of Authority to the Secretary of State, June 10, 1948, redelegated March 6, 1953, concerning authority to approve attendance at international conferences;
(10) Foreign Assistance Act of 1961; sections 301, 621, and 636, as amended (22 U.S.C. 2221, 2381, and 2396);
(11) Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act, Public Law 109-435, as of 2006, Section 405, “International Postal Arrangements”; and
(12) Other authorities, as appropriate.
1 FAM 332 offices reporting to the assistant secretary
1 FAM 332.1 Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary
The Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary performs the duties of the Assistant Secretary in the latter's absence, has responsibility for the Office of the Executive Director, the Office of International Conferences, the Office of Management Policy and Resources, and such other duties as may be assigned by the Assistant Secretary.
1 FAM 332.2 Deputy Assistant Secretaries
The deputy assistant secretaries assist the Assistant Secretary in developing policy and coordinating management and operational activities of the bureau.
1 FAM 332.3 Special Assistant
The special assistant assists the Assistant Secretary with policy coordination, paper flow, and travel, as directed.
1 FAM 332.4 Staff Assistant
The staff assistant acts as staff aide to the Assistant Secretary and that officer’s principal subordinates, directing the flow of action and information documents to and from them, ensuring coordination and completion of action.
1 FAM 333 OFFICE DIRECTORS
1 FAM 333.1 Executive Director, Joint Executive Office (EUR-IO/EX)
The Executive Director of the Joint Executive Office (EUR-IO/EX) supports the Bureau of International Organization Affairs (IO) and the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs (EUR). See 1 FAM 116, Executive Director.
1 FAM 333.2 Office of Economic and Development Affairs (IO/EDA)
The Office of Economic and Development Affairs (IO/EDA):
(1) Supports implementation of U.S. policy initiatives on human security in the UN system as a whole, including the agencies in New York, Geneva, Nairobi, and Rome;
(2) Coordinates U.S. relations with the United Nations system on issues of economic growth and sustainable development policy, including issues related to financing for development, internationally agreed development goals and statistical indicators, food security, global health and population, the wellbeing of children, urbanization, and the needs of countries in special situations. IO/EDA engages relevant offices in the Department of State and other U.S. Government agencies to promote active U.S. participation in and use of multilateral organizations and ensures those organizations are advancing U.S. interests in economic development and human security;
(3) Manages U.S. participation in the UN General Assembly’s Second Committee and the Economic and Social Council. IO/EDA coordinates the contribution of other offices in IO when their functional issues are addressed in these bodies;
(4) Manages U.S. relations, in collaboration with U.S. missions to the UN, with UN bodies and funds and programs that promote economic growth, including the UN conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the UN Development Program (UNDP), the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the UN Human Settlements Program (UN-Habitat), the UN Office for Project Services (UNOPS), the UN Population Fund (UNFPA), the UN Capital Development Fund (UNCDF), the International Development Law Organization (IDLO), and the International Trade Center (ITC);
(5) Supports U.S. policy and programs to improve global food security through multilateral organizations, including the three UN agencies headquartered in Rome, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the World Food Program (WFP), and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). IO/EDA supports U.S. engagement on global health issues in the UN system, including World Health Organization (WHO), Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the Joint UN Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), and the other agencies formed to address specific health threats, such as the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria, and the Global Alliance on Vaccines and Immunizations;
(6) Engages with the NGO community on global health issues and their contribution to the UN agenda; and
(7) Evaluates programs and budgets of the UN and other multilateral agencies within its area of functional responsibility. IO/EDA represents the United States in the governing bodies of these organizations, presents U.S. policies and positions, coordinates monitoring activities in the field, and promotes accountability, transparency and results-based management.
1 FAM 333.3 Office of Management Policy and Resources (IO/MPR)
a. The Office of Management Policy and Resources (IO/MPR) is responsible for the formulation and implementation of U.S. policies regarding the broad range of administrative and/or management issues with respect to UN system agencies and other international organizations. The responsibility entails the monitoring of, and participation in, both the activities of international organizations and the internal U.S. Government budget and/or legislative process.
b. IO/MPR is divided into three units responsible for:
(1) Providing guidance to, and sometimes serving on, U.S. delegations dealing with the budget and financial matters in international organizations, as well as coordinating with EUR-IO/EX, Bureau of Budget and Planning (BP), Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and Congress on justifying U.S. Government funding to these organizations;
(2) Providing guidance to, and sometimes serving on, U.S. delegations dealing with human resources, compensation, oversight, ethics, procurement, strategic planning, and other administrative matters in international organizations; and
(3) Promoting U.S. citizen employment in international organizations and assisting U.S. citizens in pursuing employment with these organizations.
1 FAM 333.4 Office of International Conferences (IO/C)
a. The Office of International Conferences (IO/C):
(1) Manages U.S. participation in multilateral conferences, including the selection, accreditation, and instruction of U.S. delegations;
(2) Obligates representational funds to certain U.S. delegations in furtherance of U.S. objectives and funds the travel of some delegates; and
(3) Manages administrative services and facilities for U.S. delegations to international conferences abroad, and for conferences hosted by the United States.
b. More detailed information on the subject of international conferences may be found in 2 FAM.
1 FAM 333.5 Office of Public Affairs, Planning, and Coordination (IO/PPC)
a. The Office of Public Affairs, Planning, and Coordination (IO/PPC):
(1) Guides and coordinates bureau interaction with foreign and domestic media, and serves as focal point for preparation and delivery of bureau press guidance, statements, and media notes;
(2) Oversees the bureau’s public diplomacy programs, including development and coordination of budget and program priorities with IO missions, relevant bureaus, and the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs;
(3) Conducts the IO bureau’s domestic outreach program focusing on communicating U.S. priorities in multilateral fora to nongovernmental organizations, think tanks, and academic institutions;
(4) Develops and implements strategic and performance planning for the bureau and its missions regarding U.S. participation in international organizations;
(5) Coordinates the bureau’s relationship with Congress and liaises with the Bureau of Legislative Affairs; and
(6) Prepares two annual book-length reports to Congress: United States Participation in the United Nations and Voting Practices in the United Nations.
b. For responsibilities of the Office of Public Diplomacy (IO/PPC/PD), see 1 FAM 114.2, Public Diplomacy Functions.
1 FAM 333.6 Office of Peace Operations, Sanctions and Counterterrorism (IO/PSC)
The Office of Peace Operations, Sanctions and Counterterrorism (IO/PSC):
(1) Formulates and implements policy toward UN peace operations (peacekeeping and peace enforcement), sanctions programs, and counterterrorism efforts;
(2) Manages the U.S. contributions to the budgets of UN peacekeeping operations, especially through the Contributions to International Peacekeeping Activities (CIPA) account;
(3) Provides guidance to the U.S. Mission to the United Nations (USUN) on introduction, monitoring, and termination of UN peace operations, sanctions regimes, and counterterrorism; on matters before related policy and budgetary committees of the UN; and on the thematic issues of protection of civilians, women peace and security, and peacebuilding;
(4) Coordinates policy formulation on and oversight of UN peace operations, sanctions, and counterterrorism efforts within the State Department and with other U.S. Government agencies, the United Nations, and UN member governments; and
(5) Provides regular reporting to and consultations with Congress on UN peace operations, sanctions, and counterterrorism efforts.
1 FAM 333.7 Office of Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs (IO/HRH)
The Office of Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs (IO/HRH):
(1) Coordinates U.S. participation in the UN bodies dealing with human rights, democracy promotion, women's issues, indigenous issues, and social affairs, including the UN General Assembly Third Committee; the Human Rights Council and its universal periodic review process; the UN Commission on the Status of Women; the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues; and the UN Commission on Social Development;
(2) Manages the overall U.S. relationship, in collaboration with U.S. missions to the UN and relevant Department bureaus and offices, with the UN entities that address issues relating to human rights, women's empowerment and gender equality, and democracy promotion, particularly the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), UN Women, and the UN Democracy Fund (UNDEF).
(3) Coordinates instructions and guidance to U.S. missions in New York and Geneva on human rights, women's issues, democracy promotion, humanitarian, and social issues;
(4) Promotes implementation of U.S. human rights policies through multilateral diplomacy with UN member states and through the UN system, including by promoting reform of the UN's human rights mechanisms;
(5) Promotes implementation of U.S. policies concerning democracy promotion, aging, disabilities, indigenous peoples, and women’s empowerment and gender equality through multilateral diplomacy with UN member states and through UN bodies and institutions such as the UN Democracy Fund and UN Women;
(6) Takes the lead to ensure successful implementation of reforms to enhance the UN's efforts to promote gender equality and the empowerment of women, including by coordinating U.S. participation in the UN Women Executive Board, coordinating monitoring activities relating to UN Women, and promoting accountability, transparency and results-based management of UN Women.
(7) Promotes and implements U.S. policies in the area of humanitarian assistance, and through diplomatic efforts in the UN context;
(8) Takes the lead to promote the effectiveness of the UN humanitarian system, including by coordinating with and supporting the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA);
(9) Promotes U.S. policies concerning the UN's efforts in the area of disaster preparedness/risk reduction, including through engagement with the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR);
(10) Engages with the NGO community on human rights, humanitarian, indigenous peoples', and women's issues, as well as social issues, and their contribution to the UN agenda; and
(11) Participates in the interagency review process of human rights treaties (e.g., Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and the Convention on the Rights of the Child) for possible U.S. ratification.
1 FAM 333.8 Office of Specialized and Technical Agencies (IO/STA)
a. The Office of Specialized and Technical Agencies (IO/STA) is the primary State Department contact with IO missions in Geneva, Vienna, Montreal, Paris, and Nairobi, and provides policy leadership and coordinates U.S. participation in more than 40 international organizations, including:
(1) Geneva: International Telecommunication Union (ITU), World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), and World Meteorological Organization (WMO);
(2) Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO PrepComm), UN Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA), and the Wassenaar Arrangement;
(3) Montreal: International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), Multilateral Fund to Implement the Montreal Protocol, and Convention on Biological Diversity (CBC);
(4) London: International Maritime Organization (IMO);
(5) Paris: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); International Bureau of Weights and Measures (IBWM); and International Organization of Legal Metrology (IOLM);
(6) Nairobi: UN Environmental Program (UNEP);
(7) Postal Organizations: Universal Postal Union (UPU, Bern); Caribbean Postal Union (CPU, St. Lucia); and Postal Union for the Americas, Spain, and Portugal (PUASP, Montevideo); and
(8) Organizations in other locations: Colombo Plan (Sri Lanka), International Hydrographic Organization (Monaco), International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA, Abu Dhabi), Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW, The Hague), the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and International Criminal Police Organization - INTERPOL (Lyon, France).
b. IO/STA is responsible within the Department for coordinating U.S. engagement on a wide range of environment issues in the UN Environmental Program, UN General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council, various UN commissions and other multilateral bodies as necessary. This work requires extensive interagency coordination to ensure that U.S. policy is clearly and accurately articulated in multiple fora and that the right U.S. Government technical experts are engaged.
c. IO/STA serves as the main point of contact in the Department of State for UN agencies on science and technology (S&T) for development, collaborating closely with the Office of Science and Technology Advisor to the Secretary (STAS). IO/STA is responsible for S&T issues addressed in the UN, particularly in the UN Commission on Science and Technology (CSTD), including planning, coordinating and implementing U.S. policy within the CSTD, as well as negotiating intergovernmental agreements consistent with Circular 175 procedures, leading preparations for and attending the annual meeting in Geneva, and identifying S&T initiatives worthy of U.S. support. IO/STA also works closely with relevant State bureaus and offices and other U.S. Government departments to develop and implement policy and management/resource support for U.S. participation in multilateral nonproliferation and disarmament forums.
d. IO/STA has lead responsibility, within the U.S. Government, for formulation, coordination, and oversight of foreign policy related to international postal services and other international delivery services. IO/STA heads U.S. delegations to international postal organizations, including the UPU, PUASP, and CPU, and provides support for a postal Federal Advisory Committee.
e. IO/STA works closely with other Department of State bureaus and offices, other U.S. Government departments, private organizations, and Congress, as necessary, and serves on U.S. delegations to meetings of international organizations for which it has responsibility.
f. Regarding U.S. policy toward and engagement with UNESCO, IO/STA performs two distinct, but closely coordinated functions, sharing technical and administrative staff:
(1) The UNESCO Policy Team, led by a Deputy office director, formulates and implements U.S. policy towards UNESCO and its five areas (sectors): Education, Natural Sciences, Social and Human Sciences, Communications & Information, and Culture; and is the main point of contact for the U.S. Mission to UNESCO located in Paris, France. This Team works closely with other Department of State bureaus and offices, the White House, other U.S. Government agencies, private organizations, and the U.S. Congress, as necessary, and serves on the U.S. delegations to UNESCO meetings; and
(2) The Executive Secretariat of the U.S. National Commission for UNESCO, led by a commission executive director, is the executive office of the commission. The national commission is a Federal advisory committee in the Department of State, which is tasked with issuing expert advice to the Department on issues pertaining to UNESCO. The Executive Secretariat serves as a liaison with civil society on matters related to UNESCO.
1 FAM 333.9 Office of UN Political Affairs (IO/UNP)
a. The Office of UN Political Affairs (IO/UNP) develops and implements U.S. policy on political issues in the UN Security Council and the UN General Assembly.
b. IO/UNP coordinates policy formulation on thematic issues at the UN, such as cooperation with regional organizations, arms control, international criminal tribunals, civilians in armed conflict, and uses of outer space.
c. IO/UNP coordinates Department of State participation in the annual meetings of the UN General Assembly.
d. IO/UNP is responsible for certain UN institutional and reform issues, U.S. responsibilities as the host country, and UN issues involving U.S. dependent areas.
1 FAM 333.10 Office of Regional Policy and Coordination (IO/RPC)
The Office of Regional Policy and Coordination (IO/RPC):
(1) Develops strategies to align the Bureau’s cross-cutting work and advance U.S. multilateral engagement with key countries, non-UN global organizations, regional organizations, and subnational entities as appropriate;
(2) Provides strategic guidance to advance U.S. policy priorities with key global and non-traditional actors in the multilateral system;
(3) Provides long-term, action-oriented analysis on multilateral trends and developments; and
(4) Works closely with regional bureaus and participates in the inter-agency on policy discussions related to U.S. engagement with select multilateral architecture.
1 fam 334 through 339 unassigned
1 FAM EXHIBIT 331.2
BUREAU OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION AFFAIRS (IO)