1 FAM 500
Social and Scientific Functional Bureaus

1 FAM 510

BUREAU OF DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND LABOR (DRL)

(CT:ORG-462;   07-25-2018)
(Office of Origin:  DRL/FO)

1 FAM 511  ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR DEMOCRACY, HUMAN RIGHTS, AND LABOR

1 FAM 511.1  Responsibilities

(CT:ORG-393;   06-16-2016)

The Assistant Secretary:

(1)  Reports to the Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights (J);

(2)  Formulates and implements policies and proposals and provides policy counsel at decision-making levels on matters relating to the integration of democracy, human rights, and labor affairs into U.S. foreign policy.  This includes the following:

(a)  Country-specific strategies for promoting democracy, human rights, and labor;

(b)  Democracy, human rights, labor, and rule of law programs throughout the world, including those supported by the DRL Human Rights and Democracy Fund (HRDF) and other foreign assistance programs;

(c)  Collection of detailed information on democratization efforts, humanitarian affairs, and the promotion of, observance of, and respect for, human and worker rights outside the United States;

(d)  Preparation of statements and reports required by Congress pertaining to democracy, human rights, and workers rights practices in foreign countries and on the effectiveness of related U.S. Government programs;

(e)  Preparation, upon Congressional request, of reports on specific countries regarding policies and practices based on race, religion, national origin, or gender; and

(f)   Participation in or interaction with United Nations human rights mechanisms and those of other international organizations;

(3)  Directs, analyzes, and evaluates issues associated with these matters.  With available bureau staff and other resources, the Assistant Secretary sets priorities, and allocates/shifts resources toward the bureau’s highest priorities.  The Assistant Secretary coordinates with the Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights, as well as with other bureaus, agencies, and private groups regarding division of responsibilities.  The Assistant Secretary advises the Secretary on considerations relating to the development and implementation of relevant policies and programs.  The Assistant Secretary ensures that such activities are designed and implemented in a manner which furthers overall U.S. foreign policy objectives;

(4)  Is the focal point for liaison with other U.S. Government departments and agencies on democracy, human rights, and labor, as well as in any other areas or fields for which the bureau is responsible.  The Assistant Secretary provides foreign policy guidance and coordination to organizations concerned with relevant bureau programs, and to the U.S. private sector.  The Assistant Secretary makes recommendations to the Secretary and to the Administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and Director of Foreign Assistance (F) regarding democracy and human rights funding and compliance with Sections 116 and 502B of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended.  The Assistant Secretary advises the USAID Administrator on the selection and implementation of such projects;

(5)  Represents the Department in international negotiations and on interagency policy groups and committees regarding matters falling within the bureau's responsibilities.  This responsibility includes taking a lead role in the National Security Council Interagency Working Group on compliance with International Human Rights Instruments, and participating in U.S. delegations to international conferences relating to the functions of the bureau.  The Assistant Secretary develops substantive positions and strategies in dealing with such matters in international organizations as they work toward defusing conflicts and promoting a common core of democratic values.  Pursuant to delegated authority, the Assistant Secretary negotiates and concludes bilateral and multilateral agreements in areas of bureau responsibility;

(6)  Provides overall coordination and management of the bureau.  The Assistant Secretary actively participates in the selection and recruitment of personnel to carry out the Department's responsibilities and ensures that personnel receive training as appropriate in the areas of democracy, human rights, and labor, and in general skills to strengthen their ability to work in these substantive fields.  In coordination with the geographic bureaus and central management, the Assistant Secretary recommends the assignment of democracy, human rights, and labor officers to U.S. missions.  As appropriate, the Assistant Secretary selects personnel to be accredited to international conferences and meetings related to the functional responsibilities of the bureau; and

(7)  Has substantive and coordinating responsibility for 1 FAM 510, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL).

1 FAM 511.2  Authorities

(CT:ORG-451;   05-29-2018)

Authorities for this subchapter include:

(1)  State Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956, as amended (22 U.S.C. 2651a(c)(2)), providing for the general authorities and responsibilities of the Assistant Secretary;

(2)  Sections 116 and 502B of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, concerning (i) the observance of human rights as a principal goal of U.S. foreign policy, (ii) the Annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, and (iii) U.S. security and military assistance programs (22 U.S.C. 2304 et seq., 2314, 2349aa-2);

(3)  Section 665 of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act (FY 2003) concerning a separate Report on Supporting Human Rights and Democracy:  The U.S. Record (Public Law 107-228; see also 22 U.S.C. 2151n(d) and 22 U.S.C. 2304(b));

(4)  The Department of State Authorization Act (FY 2003) and the Foreign Relations Authorization Act (FY 2003) concerning the establishment and administration of the Human Rights and Democracy Fund (22 U.S.C. 2151n–2);

(5)  The International Religious Freedom Act of 1998, establishing within the Department of State “an Office of International Religious Freedom” and requiring an Annual Report on International Religious Freedom (Public Law 105-292);

(6)  The Freedom for Russia and Emerging Democracies and Open Markets Act (Freedom Support Act) of 1992 (Public Law 102-511) and the Cooperative Threat Reduction Act of 1993 (Public Law 103-160) concerning the provision of assistance to independent states of the former Soviet Union;

(7)  Section 5(d)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2755(d)(1)) and Delegation of Authority No. 214 concerning the termination or restriction of defense article sales;

(8)  Section 2 of the Export-Import Bank Act concerning limitations on the credit sale of defense articles and defense services provided by the U.S. Export Import Bank (12 U.S.C. 635(b)(6));

(9)  Sections 231A and 239 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, concerning worker rights and limitations on Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) activities (22 U.S.C. 2191a(a), 2199(i));

(10) Section 551 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-102) concerning restrictions on funding of foreign security forces (“Leahy Amendment”; see also section 8069 of the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2006;

(11) 22 U.S.C. 2151n concerning human rights and development assistance;

(12) 8 CFR 208, concerning applications for asylum in the United States;

(13) Section 505(c) of the 1974 Trade Act, as amended, concerning worker rights practices;

(14) Section 534(b)(6) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended, concerning strengthening the administration of justice in countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (22 U.S.C. 2346(c)); and

(15) Other authorities, as appropriate.

1 FAM 512  prinCipal and deputy assistanT secretaries

1 FAM 512.1  Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary (DRL/PDAS)

(CT:ORG-393;   06-16-2016)

The Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary (DRL/PDAS):

(1)  At the Assistant Secretary’s direction, develops and advises on policy formulation and action relating to democracy, human rights, and labor throughout the world.  The Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary leads the Department’s efforts to hold human rights violators accountable for their actions.  The Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary coordinates the preparation of the annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices and the submission of reports to the Department of Justice of factual information relating to requests for asylum.  The Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary coordinates policy with other U.S. Government departments and agencies and provides policy guidance to regional bureaus and embassies abroad.  The Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary meets with Congress, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and the private sector to explain and build support for U.S. policy.  The Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary oversees U.S. Government compliance with directives, legislation, treaties, and international agreements, as necessary.  The Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary assesses and evaluates democracy, human rights, and labor developments as they relate to U.S. foreign policy interests;

(2)  As designated by the Assistant Secretary, negotiates treaties, conventions, and agreements in areas of responsibility.  The Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary participates in interagency negotiations and implementation efforts; multilateral organizations; bilateral commissions; and representations to foreign governments and at relevant international meetings; and

(3)  Sets program goals and objectives, and monitors and directs use of staff and other resources to achieve bureau priorities.  The Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary supervises the executive director (DRL/EX) and other offices and individuals as assigned by the Assistant Secretary.

1 FAM 512.2  Deputy Assistant Secretaries (DRL/DAS)

(CT:ORG-393;   06-16-2016)

In addition to the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary, there are four other Deputy Assistant Secretaries:

(1)  Set program goals and objectives, and monitor and direct the use of staff and other resources to achieve bureau priorities.  The Deputy Assistant Secretaries supervise offices and individuals as assigned by the Assistant Secretary;

(2)  At the Assistant Secretary’s direction, develop policy and advise on policy formulation relating to democracy, human rights, and labor throughout the world.  The Deputy Assistant Secretaries assess and evaluate developments in these areas as they relate to U.S. foreign policy interests;

(3)  Coordinate policy with other U.S. Government departments and agencies, and provide policy guidance to regional bureaus and embassies abroad.  The Deputy Assistant Secretaries meet with Congress, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and the private sector to explain and build support for U.S. policy; and

(4)  As designated by the Assistant Secretary, negotiate treaties, conventions, and agreements in areas of responsibility.  The Deputy Assistant Secretaries participate in interagency negotiations and implementation efforts; multilateral organizations; bilateral commissions; and representations to foreign governments and at relevant international meetings.

1 FAM 513  special envoy for the human rights of lgbti persons

(CT:ORG-393;   06-16-2016)

The Special Envoy for the Human Rights of LGBTI Persons:

(1)  As established by the Secretary, serves as the key Department strategist and focal point in the design, development, and implementation of policies and projects to support international efforts addressing the human rights of LGBTI persons;

(2)  Reports to the Assistant Secretary for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor;

(3)  Researches, analyzes, and provides options for positions and programs most likely to be successful in combating and ending violence and discrimination against LGBTI persons and improving protection of their individual human rights.  The Special Envoy integrates actions on LGBTI persons with other diplomatic efforts to increase international respect for human rights;

(4)  Represents the U.S. positions on human rights of LGBTI persons in international discussions and public forums:

(a)  Engages in discussions with foreign government officials and representatives of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) regarding the human rights of LGBTI persons; and

(b)  Establishes and maintains an on-going dialogue between and among the U.S. and the United Nations and other international or regional entities on this issue;

(5)  Serves as a principal policy advisor and key official in developing, formulating, presenting, negotiating, and implementing Department and U.S. Government policies and programs regarding the human rights of LGBTI persons; and

(6)  Provides input on the human rights of LGBTI persons for the Department’s annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices.

1 FAM 514  Senior Advisor to the Assistant Secretary

(CT:ORG-393;   06-16-2016)

The Senior Advisor to the Assistant Secretary:

(1)  Serves as the senior-most policy advisor to the Assistant Secretary for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor; is conversant on the full range of policy issues relevant to the work of the bureau; and reports directly to the Assistant Secretary.  The Senior Advisor alerts the Assistant Secretary to opportunities for advancing existing policy, helps formulate new policy approaches, and serves as a key front office contributor to strategic thinking for the bureau;

(2)  As directed by the Assistant Secretary, shapes and shepherds special projects―in particular, high-profile, cross-cutting initiatives that involve contributions from multiple DRL components, other bureaus, interagency coordination, and liaison with nongovernmental organizations (NGOs);

(3)  Works directly with the Assistant Secretary to conceptualize, steer the production of, and serve as senior drafter, editor, or reviewer of the Assistant Secretary’s major policy addresses and, as requested, key bureau products, to ensure that they meet high substantive and presentational standards; and

(4)  As directed by the Assistant Secretary, represents the bureau at departmental and interagency meetings, and with NGOs, foreign officials, and others.

1 FAM 515  Special REPRESENTATIVE FOR INTERNATIONAL LABOR AFFAIRS

(CT:ORG-393;   06-16-2016)

The Special Representative for International Labor Affairs serves as the senior policy advisor to the Assistant Secretary for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor on all matters related to international labor affairs and rights; and reports directly to the Assistant Secretary.  The Special Representative alerts the Assistant Secretary to opportunities for advancing existing policy, helps formulate new policy approaches, and serves as a key front office contributor to strategic thinking for the bureau in relation to international labor affairs.

1 FAM 516  SENIOR Advisor for international rights of persons with disabilities

(CT:ORG-393;   06-16-2016)

The Senior Advisor for International Rights of Persons with Disabilities serves as the senior policy advisor to the Assistant Secretary for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor on all matters related to international rights for persons with disabilities; and reports directly to the Assistant Secretary.  The Senior Advisor alerts the Assistant Secretary to opportunities for advancing existing policy, helps formulate new policy approaches, and serves as a key front office contributor to strategic thinking for the bureau in relation to international rights for persons with disabilities.

1 FAM 517  Special Advisor for religious Minorities in the middle east and south and central asia

(CT:ORG-393;   06-16-2016)

The Special Advisor for Religious Minorities in the Middle East and South and Central Asia works directly with the Ambassador at Large for International Religious Freedom to advance religious freedom around the world.  The senior representative alerts the Assistant Secretary to opportunities for advancing existing policy, helps formulate new policy approaches, and serves as a key front office contributor to strategic thinking for the bureau in relation to the rights of members of religious minorities in these key regions. The Special Adviser is located in the Office of International Religious Freedom (see 1 FAM 519.1).

1 FAM 518  EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR (DRL/EX)

(CT:ORG-239;   05-02-2011)

The Executive Director of OES also supports DRL.  See 1 FAM 545 for the services provided to DRL by DRL/EX.

1 FAM 519  BUREAU OFFICES

1 FAM 519.1  Office of International Religious Freedom (DRL/IRF)

(CT:ORG-393;   06-16-2016)

The Office of International Religious Freedom (DRL/IRF):

(1)  Supports the Ambassador at Large for International Religious Freedom, a position established by law.  The Ambassador is the principal advisor to the President and the Secretary of State on international religious freedom policy;

(2)  Continuously monitors foreign governments’ respect for the human right of freedom of religion or belief, and interrelated freedoms, including freedoms of peaceful assembly, association, and expression, as relevant;

(3)  Develops and implements U.S. policy on promoting religious freedom abroad, including in multilateral forums.  Officers formulate approaches and strategies to advance respect for religious freedom, including country strategies, and provide policy guidance to regional bureaus and U.S. embassies abroad.  The office works to ensure that U.S. human rights policies, including religious freedom policies, and issues of concern are taken adequately into account in all bilateral relationships and are considered in decisions to provide foreign assistance, as appropriate;

(4)  Interacts with foreign government officials in the United States and abroad to highlight U.S. religious freedom concerns and build support for respect for freedom of religion or belief abroad.  Meets with representatives from Congress, other agencies, the nongovernmental organization (NGO) community, and the private sector in the United States and abroad to explain and build support for U.S. religious freedom policy;

(5)  Furnishes country-specific expertise on religious freedom abuses and practices abroad to senior U.S. officials, other federal agencies, Department bureaus and other offices within DRL to assist them in the performance of their designated responsibilities;

(6)  Designs, evaluates, implements, and monitors foreign assistance programs designed to promote religious freedom.  Provides guidance and assistance to other bureaus and the interagency community on religious freedom promotion programs and activities;

(7)  Works with the Foreign Service Institute (FSI), Bureau of Consular Affairs (CA), Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM), and other relevant agencies and offices to develop and implement training of U.S. foreign affairs professionals , as well as refugee, asylum, and immigration officials, on religious freedom issues;

(8)  Is responsible in cooperation with other bureaus and U.S. Government agencies for fulfilling the mandates of the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998, including producing the Annual Report on International Religious Freedom, covering all countries; developing recommendations to the Secretary (as the President's designee), for the designation of "Countries of Particular Concern" under the Act;; and implementing the visa ineligibility for foreign government officials responsible for particularly severe violations of religious freedom (see 9 FAM 302.7-3).

1 FAM 519.2  Office of Policy Planning and Public Diplomacy (DRL/PPD)

(CT:ORG-393;   06-16-2016)

The Office of Strategic Planning and External Affairs (DRL/PPD):

(1)  Supports bureau principals by providing concrete strategic planning support for all Congressional, public affairs, public diplomacy, and program planning activities;

(2)  In coordination with the program unit, oversees the compilation, drafting, and submission of all strategic planning documents, including budget proposals and performance assessments for DRL grants programs;

(3)  Oversees the full range of Congressional activities for the bureau, including activities relating to legislation and formulation, presentation, and representation of State’s democracy and human rights policies, as well as all bureau policies, to Congress.  DRL/PPD also supervises the submission of reports mandated by Congress;

(4)  Formulates and implements public affairs for the bureau, including speeches, press guidance, opinion-editorials, and Web content;

(5)  Formulates and implements public diplomacy strategies to inform and influence key foreign groups and opinion leaders on bureau policy; and

(6)  Coordinates strategies and plans to inform key U.S. groups and opinion leaders on bureau objectives, including overseeing outreach to nongovernmental organizations (NGOs).

1 FAM 519.3  Regional and Programming Offices

(CT:ORG-393;   06-16-2016)

The regional offices:

(1)  Continuously monitor observance of human rights and democratic practices;

(2)  Develop and implement policy on human rights and democracy for all countries of the world.  The regional offices formulate approaches and strategies to advance human rights and democracy, including country strategies, and provide policy guidance to regional bureaus and U.S. embassies abroad.  The regional offices ensure that U.S. human rights and democracy policies and issues of concern are taken adequately into account in all bilateral relationships and are considered in decisions to provide foreign assistance, including U.S. military training and security assistance, assistance under the Millennium Challenge Account, assistance under the Africa Growth and Opportunities Act, and other such assistance;

(3)  Edit, revise, and prepare the annual Country Reports on Human Rights Practices and the Report on Supporting Human Rights and Democracy:  The U.S. Record for submission to Congress and dissemination.  The regional offices also assist the Office of International Religious Freedom (DRL/IRF) by reviewing drafts of the Annual Report on International Religious Freedom as they likewise assist the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons and other offices;

(4)  Interact with foreign government officials to highlight U.S. democracy and human rights concerns and build support for human rights and democracy;

(5)  Meet with Congress, other agencies, the nongovernmental organization (NGO) community, and the private sector to explain and build support for U.S. human rights and democratic policy;

(6)  Formulate bilateral policies and approaches on thematic democracy and human rights issues including elections, civil society, rule of law, the rights of women and minorities, torture, and freedom of expression, assembly, and the press;

(7)  Furnish country-specific expertise on democracy and human rights practices to other bureaus and other offices within DRL to assist them in the performance of their designated responsibilities, such as processing of asylum applications and export licenses;

(8)  Review the democracy promotion strategies of key missions and ensure that these missions devote sufficient resources to implement their democracy strategies.

1 FAM 519.3-1  Office for Africa (DRL/AF)

(CT:ORG-239;   05-02-2011)

The Office for Africa (DRL/AF) fulfills responsibilities listed under 1 FAM 519.3, as applicable to Africa.

1 FAM 519.3-2  Office for East Asia and Pacific (DRL/EAP)

(CT:ORG-239;   05-02-2011)

The Office for East Asia and Pacific (DRL/EAP) fulfills responsibilities listed under 1 FAM 519.3, as applicable to East Asia and the Pacific region.

1 FAM 519.3-3  Office for Near East Asia (DRL/NEA)

(CT:ORG-239;   05-02-2011)

The Office for Near East Asia (DRL/NEA) fulfills responsibilities listed under 1 FAM 519.3, as applicable to the Near East Asia region.

1 FAM 519.3-4  Office for Europe (DRL/EUR)

(CT:ORG-169;   05-25-2007)

The Office for Europe (DRL/EUR) fulfills responsibilities listed under 1 FAM 519.3, as applicable to Europe, including the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).

1 FAM 519.3-5  Office for Western Hemisphere (DRL/WHA)

(CT:ORG-169;   05-25-2007)

The Office for Western Hemisphere (DRL/WHA) fulfills responsibilities listed under 1 FAM 519.3, as applicable to the Western Hemisphere.

1 FAM 519.3-6  Office for South Central Asia (DRL/SCA)

(CT:ORG-169;   05-25-2007)

The Office for South Central Asia (DRL/SCA) fulfills responsibilities listed under 1 FAM 519.3, as applicable to the South and Central Asia.

1 FAM 519.3-7  Office of Global Programming  (DRL/GP)

(CT:ORG-393;   06-16-2016)

In coordination with the regional offices and other offices of DRL, the Office of Global Programming (DRL/GP):

(1)  Manages the Human Rights and Democracy Fund (HRDF), as well as additional programs and earmarks appropriated in the Democracy Fund, Economic Support Funds, FREEDOM Support Act funds, the Iraq Relief and Reconstruction Fund and other Iraq Supplemental appropriations, Assistance for Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia (AEECA) funds, and other such appropriations as deemed necessary to meet DRL foreign policy objectives.  The Global Programming Office  prepares solicitations, manages the grants panel process, monitors the transfer and apportionment of funds from USAID or other sources to DRL, and works closely with the Office of Acquisitions Management and DRL/EX to provide funding to grantees;

(2)  Meets with and provides outreach and training to the nongovernmental organization (NGO) community and civil society organizations (CSO’s) regarding DRL grant policies and procedures;

(3)  Monitors and evaluates DRL democracy and human rights programs;

(4)  Responds to Congressional and OMB requests regarding DRL programs, funding, and priorities; and

(5)  Develops, maintains, and updates systems for the efficient retrieval of documents regarding the allocation, notification, transfer, and implementation of HRDF and other funds as necessary.  DRL/GP also tracks the awarding of grants, maintains lists of grants and grants officer representatives, collects and records narrative and financial reports, and maintains the official HRDF and non-HRDF program files; and

(6)  Designs, evaluates, implements, and monitors DRL democracy promotion and human rights programs.  Provides guidance and assistance to other bureaus and the interagency community on democracy promotion policy and programs.

1 FAM 519.4  Office of Multilateral and Global Affairs (DRL/MLGA)

(CT:ORG-393;   06-16-2016)

The Office of Multilateral and Global Affairs (DRL/MLGA):

(1)  Formulates and implements U.S. Government human rights and democracy policies in multilateral, multi-stakeholder, and multinational forums, particularly the  United Nations, Community of Democracies, Freedom Online Coalition, Open Government Partnership, International Code of Conduct Association, and the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights;

(2)  Anticipates emerging human rights issues in multilateral forums, working with other bureaus and agencies; takes the lead in developing policy options and approaches to governments with widely differing interests; and negotiates strategies to achieve U.S. goals;

(3)  Coordinates with the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and provides feedback to the OHCHR on field activities and technical assistance;

(4)  Takes the lead in developing appropriate multilateral responses to human rights emergencies;

(5)  Develops, appraises, and implements U.S. Foreign Affairs policies, positions, and processes that are designed to further U.S. Government goals and objectives through the achievement of worldwide Internet freedom;

(6)  Develops, appraises, and implements U.S. foreign affairs policies, positions, and processes that are designed to further U.S. Government goals and objectives with respect to civil society organizations;

(7)  Coordinates review by bureau regional offices, regional bureaus, and other interested offices, of individual claims for asylum in the United States and provides policy oversight to those offices for such reviews; responds on behalf of the bureau to requests for review from the Department of Homeland Security;

(8)  Develops, appraises, and implements U.S. foreign affairs policies, positions, and processes that are designed to further U.S. Government goals and objectives in the realm of business and human rights;

(9)  Coordinates bureau policy on human rights visa ineligibilities. 

(10) Supports activities of the Special Envoy on the Human Rights of LGBTI Persons.

1 FAM 519.5  Office of International Labor Affairs (DRL/ILA)

(CT:ORG-462;   07-25-2018)

The Office of International Labor Affairs (DRL/ILA):

(1)  Supports the Assistant Secretary in fulfilling the Assistant Secretary’s responsibilities to advise the Secretary and the Assistant Secretary senior staff regarding the U.S. Government's international labor diplomacy;

(2)  Advises the Assistant Secretary and others as directed by the Assistant Secretary, regarding policies and initiatives promoting core worker rights, specifically the four "fundamental rights" identified by the International Labor Organization;

(3)  Ensures appropriate application of U.S. laws, regulations, and policy on international labor standards in bilateral relations and in relations between the U.S. Government and international organizations;

(4)  Initiates and advises policy approaches promoting the rights and interests of workers in the global economy;

(5)  Works with nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and U.S. firms to encourage respect for worker rights, adoption of best practices, and inclusion of corporate social responsibility in business operations and operations of suppliers abroad;

(6)  Coordinates with other U.S. Government offices and agencies in supervision of and provision for field support to labor officers abroad; and

(7)  Supports the bureau's outreach efforts, including liaison with Congress, trade unions, the media, and NGOs.

1 FAM 519.6  Office of Security and Human Rights (DRL/SHR)

(CT:ORG-393;   06-16-2016)

The Office of Security and Human Rights (DRL/SHR):

(1)  Leads Bureau efforts to integrate human rights considerations into U.S. policies on international security engagement, security assistance, security cooperation, and counterterrorism, and represents DRL to the Department of Defense and other agencies on these issues.

(2)  Coordinates with other Department offices and agencies, and undertakes diplomatic outreach to partner governments and civil society, to foster rights-respecting, accountable security forces.

(3)  Serves as the State Department lead in overseeing the implementation of the State Department Leahy Law.

(4)  Reviews human rights implications of sales and transfers of defense articles, systems, and equipment and ensures compliance with relevant U.S. laws and policies governing the transfer and sales of security technology and munitions.

(5)  Works with other offices and bureaus to advance policies related to conflict prevention and response, atrocity prevention, and transitional justice.

(6)  Leads Department-wide efforts to track and mitigate civilian casualties in armed conflict, by working with the Department of Defense and with partner security forces on training, investigations, and other elements of the U.S. government’s civilian casualty policy.

(7)  Advances security sector assistance reform efforts by working with other Department offices and other agencies to improve the planning for and execution of security assistance, with a particular focus on the human rights and governance implications of such assistance.

(8)  Advances policies and plans to end the unlawful use of child soldiers, including Department implementation of the Child Soldiers Prevention Act.

(9)  Works with other offices and bureaus to implement the National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security, including the inclusion of women in the security sector and prevention of sexual and gender-based violence in conflict.

(10) Serves as the Bureau lead on integrating human rights considerations into the development of technology for military and security use.

(11) Serves as the Bureau lead on detainee issues, including relocating detainees from Guantanamo.