9 FAM 403.11

(U) NIV Revocation

(CT:VISA-1061;   04-24-2020)
(Office of Origin:  CA/VO/L/R)

9 fam 403.11-1  (U) statutory and regulatory Authorities 

9 FAM 403.11-1(A)  (U) Immigration and Nationality Act

(CT:VISA-1;   11-18-2015)

(U) INA 221(i) (8 U.S.C. 1201(i)).

9 FAM 403.11-1(B)  (U) Code of Federal Regulations

(CT:VISA-1;   11-18-2015)

(U) 22 CFR 41.122.

9 fam 403.11-2  (U) niv revocation

(CT:VISA-1;   11-18-2015)

(U) Regulations no longer distinguish between invalidation and revocation in cases when it is determined that the bearer of a visa is ineligible.  The visa should be revoked in accordance with INA 221(i), 22 CFR 41.122 and this subchapter.

9 FAM 403.11-3  (U) When to Revoke a Visa

9 FAM 403.11-3(A)  (U) When Consular Officers May Revoke Visas

(CT:VISA-912;   08-06-2019)

(U) There are four circumstances under which you may revoke a visa:

(1)  Unavailable 

(2)  (U) The alien is not eligible for the particular visa classification (this includes ineligibility under INA 214(b));

(3)  (U) The visa has been physically removed from the passport in which it was issued; or

(4)  (U) The alien is subject to a Watchlist Promote Hit for an arrest or conviction of driving under the influence, driving while intoxicated, or similar arrests/convictions (DUI) that occurred within the previous five years, pursuant to 9 FAM 403.11-5(B) paragraph (c) below.

9 FAM 403.11-3(B)  (U) When Consular Officers May Not Revoke Visa

(CT:VISA-10;   12-08-2015)

a. (U) A consular officer does not have the authority to revoke a visa based on a suspected ineligibility, or based on derogatory information that is insufficient to support an ineligibility finding, other than a revocation based on driving under the influence (DUI).  A consular revocation must be based on an actual finding that the alien is ineligible for the visa.

b. (U) Under no circumstances should a consular officer abroad revoke a visa when the alien is in the United States, or after the alien has commenced an uninterrupted journey to the United States, other than a revocation based on driving under the influence (DUI).  Outside of the DUI exception, revocations of aliens in, or en route to, the United States may only be done by the Department's Visa Office of Screening, Analysis, and Coordination (CA/VO/SAC).

9 FAM 403.11-4  (U) Revocation Procedures

9 FAM 403.11-4(A)  (U) Visa Revocations by Consular Officers

(CT:VISA-1061;   04-24-2020)

(U) Although the decision to revoke a visa is a discretionary one, you should not use this authority arbitrarily.  When practicable, you must:

(1)  (U) Notify the alien of the intention to revoke the visa;

(2)  (U) Allow the alien the opportunity to show why the visa should not be revoked; and

(3)  (U) Request the alien to present the travel document in which the visa was issued.

9 FAM 403.11-4(A)(1)  (U) Required Procedures

(CT:VISA-1061;   04-24-2020)

a. (U) Informing Alien of Intent to Revoke Visa:

(1)  (U) You must notify the alien of the intent to revoke a visa, if such notification is practicable.  The notice of intent to revoke a visa affords the alien the opportunity to demonstrate why the visa should not be revoked.  An after-the-fact notice that the visa has already been revoked would not be sufficient, unless prior notice of intent to revoke was found not to be practicable in the particular case.

(2)  (U) A prior notification of intent to revoke a visa would not be practicable if, for instance, the post did not know the whereabouts of the alien, or if the alien's departure is believed to be imminent.  In cases where the alien can be contacted and travel is not imminent, prior notice of intent to revoke the visa would normally be required, unless the consular officer has reason to believe that a notice of this type would prompt the alien to attempt immediate travel to the United States.

b. (U) Physical Cancellation of Visa:  If a decision to revoke the visa is reached after the case has been reviewed, you must print or stamp the word "REVOKED" in large block letters across the face of the visa.  You must also date and sign this action.  If located at a post other than the one at which the visa was issued, the title and location of the post should be written below the signature.

c.  (U) If Alien in Possession of Another Valid U.S. Visa:  When you have taken action to revoke a visa, you should determine whether the alien holds another current U.S. visa in the same or another passport.  You should proceed to revoke that visa as well, provided the grounds for revoking the first visa apply to any other visa the alien may hold, or if independent grounds for revocation apply.  In the latter case, you must, if practicable, give the alien an opportunity to rebut or overcome that ground(s) of ineligibility.

d. Unavailable   


e. (U) Visa Erroneously Issued by Other Post:  If you determine that another post has erroneously issued a visa, that post should be informed in detail of your findings.  Such a report could form the basis for revoking the visa, initiated by the issuing post or by the reporting post, with the concurrence of the issuing post.  If a difference of opinion ensues between posts, the case should be submitted to the Department (CA/VO/L/A for non-security related revocations or CA/VO/SAC for security, foreign policy, or human rights related revocations) for an advisory opinion (AO) before visa issuance.  If the visa has been issued, then posts should contact the revocations unit VO Visa Revocations Unit (VO-Revocations@state.gov) for guidance.

9 FAM 403.11-4(A)(2)  (U) When to Notify Department Regarding Revocation

(CT:VISA-1061;   04-24-2020)

a. (U) If a visa is physically cancelled prior to the alien's departure to the United States, then there is no need to report the revocation to the Department, except in cases involving A, G, C-2, C-3, or North American Treaty Organization (NATO) visas.

b. (U) The Department (the Advisory Opinions Division (CA/VO/L/A), the Diplomatic Liaison Division (CA/VO/DO/DL), the Chief of Protocol (S/CPR), and the appropriate country desk) should be promptly notified whenever any diplomatic or official visa, or any visa in the A, G, C-2, C-3, or NATO classification is formally revoked.

c(U) See 9 FAM 403.11-4(C)(1) below for more information about notifying the Department of visa revocations that may have political, public relations, or law enforcement consequences.

9 FAM 403.11-4(B)  Unavailable   

(CT:VISA-1061;   04-24-2020)

a. Unavailable   

b. Unavailable

c.  (U) See 9 FAM 402.8-9, Procedures to be Followed When Derogatory Information Received.

9 FAM 403.11-4(C)  (U) Revoking Visas in Sensitive Cases

9 FAM 403.11-4(C)(1)  (U) Keeping Department Informed in High Profile Cases

(CT:VISA-1061;   04-24-2020)

(U) You should be alert to the political, public relations, and law enforcement consequences that can follow a visa revocation, and should work with the Department to ensure that all legally available options are fully and properly assessed.  The revocation of the visa of a public official or prominent local or international person can have immediate and long-term repercussions on our political relationships with foreign powers and on our public diplomacy goals in a foreign state.  The visa laws must be applied to such persons like any others, recognizing that certain visa categories, particularly A’s and G's, are not subject to the same standards of inadmissibility as others. Precipitant action must nevertheless be avoided in such high-profile visa cases and post should seek the Department’s guidance prior to any visa revocation unless unusual and exigent circumstances prevent such a consultation.  Consultation both within the mission and with the Department may result in a decision that the Department, rather than the consular officer, should undertake the revocation, since Department revocations pursuant to the Secretary's revocation authority provide more flexibility in managing the relevant issues.

(1)  (U) When To Consult With the Department:

(a)  (U) You are responsible for keeping the Department (CA/VO/SAC, CA/VO/F, CA/VO/L/A and the appropriate country desk) informed of visa actions that may affect our relations with foreign states or our public diplomacy, or that may affect or impede ongoing or potential investigations and prosecutions by U.S. and other cooperating foreign law enforcement agencies.

(b)  (U) This is particularly true when you use the power granted them under INA 221(i) as implemented in 22 CFR 41.122 and this section, to revoke the visas of officials of foreign governments, prominent public figures, and objects or potential objects of U.S. and foreign criminal investigations.

(c)  (U) In such cases, you should seek the Department's guidance prior to any visa revocation unless unusual and exigent circumstances prevent such a consultation.  In the rare cases in which advance consultation is not possible, you should inform the Department as soon as possible after the revocation. 

(2)  Unavailable   

9 FAM 403.11-4(C)(2)  (U) Diplomatic and Official Visas

(CT:VISA-1;   11-18-2015)

(U) You must keep in mind that most A, G, C-2, C-3, and North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) visa categories are exempt from most INA 212(a) ineligibility provisions per 22 CFR 41.21(d).  Precipitant action must be avoided in cases involving foreign government officials and other prominent public figures.  Consultations at post and with the Department might result in the decision that the Department, rather than the consular officer, should undertake the revocation.  The Department's revocation authority provides more flexibility in managing relevant issues.  For example, Department revocations may be undertaken prudentially, rather than on the basis of a specific finding of ineligibility, and are not subject to the 22 CFR 41.122 requirement with respect to notification to the alien.

9 FAM 403.11-4(C)(3)  (U) When Revocation Subject is Subject of Criminal Investigation

(CT:VISA-1061;   04-24-2020)

a. (U) In cases in which the alien whose visa is revocable is also the subject of a criminal investigation involving U.S. law enforcement agencies, action by a consular officer without prior Department consultation and coordination could:

(1)  (U) Jeopardize an ongoing investigation;

(2)  (U) Prejudice an intended prosecution;

(3)  (U) Preclude apprehension of the subject in the United States;

(4)  (U) Put informants at risk; or

(5)  (U) Damage cooperative law enforcement relationships with foreign police agencies.

b. (U) When you suspect that the visa revocation may involve U.S. law enforcement interests, you should consult with the law enforcement agencies at post and inform the Department (CA/VO/SAC revocations team at VO-Revocations@state.gov) of the case and of post's proposed action, to permit consultations with potentially interested entities before a revocation is made.  Law enforcement's interest in the continued ability of an alien to travel is not a reason to decline to revoke or submit a revocation to the Department when you know or suspect the alien to be ineligible for the visa. The Department can assist law enforcement and other agencies with facilitating travel for aliens who are or may be ineligible for visas, so coordination with the Department is essential in such cases.  Questions about travel facilitation should be directed to VO/L's travel facilitation team at LawEnforcementVisa@state.gov.

c.  (U) In deciding what cases to report in advance to the Department, posts should err on the side of prudence.  It is always better to report cases requiring no Department action rather than having to inform the Department after the fact in a case that has adverse consequences for U.S. law enforcement or diplomatic interests.  Posts should contact CA/VO/SAC.  Posts may wish to notify other functional bureaus, as appropriate.

9 FAM 403.11-5  (U) Revocation of Visas by the Department

(CT:VISA-1061;   04-24-2020)

a. (U) When the Department revokes a visa, a revocation notice will be sent to post by email notifying them of the revocation when possible and furnishing a point of contact in the Visa Office.  Posts must follow the instructions in the revocation notice.

b. (U) Although the Department is not required to notify the alien of a revocation done pursuant to the Secretary's discretionary authority, unless instructed otherwise, posts should do so, especially in cases where the revoked visa was issued to a government official.   

9 FAM 403.11-5(A)  (U) Notice to Department of Alien in United States

(CT:VISA-1061;   04-24-2020)

a. (U) Whenever you believe that an alien, whose visa is subject to revocation, has commenced an uninterrupted journey to, or, is already in the United States and physical cancellation of the visa is not possible, the officer should immediately inform the Department (CA/VO/SAC) of the grounds of ineligibility or other adverse factors by email at VO-Revocations@state.gov

b. (U) Upon receipt of your report, the Department will decide whether the visa should be revoked Alternatively, the Department may inform DHS of the data submitted and give DHS an opportunity to initiate proceedings under the pertinent provisions of INA 237 (Classes of Deportable Aliens).  If the latter course is followed, the Department will request that DHS advise the Department of the alien's date of departure and destination, so that, after the alien's departure from the United States, the visa may be physically canceled.  

9 FAM 403.11-5(B)  (U) Prudential Revocations

(CT:VISA-1061;   04-24-2020)

a. (U) Although consular officers generally may revoke a visa only if the alien is ineligible under INA 212(a), or INA 214(b), or is no longer entitled to the visa classification, the Department may revoke a visa if an ineligibility or lack of entitlement is suspected, or for virtually any other reason.  This is known as a “prudential revocation.”  In addition to the conditions described in 9 FAM 403.11-5(A) above, the Department may revoke a visa when it receives derogatory information directly from another U.S. Government agency, including a member of the intelligence or law enforcement community.  These requests are reviewed by the Visa Office’s revocations team in CA/VO/SAC/RC, which forwards an electronic memo requesting revocation to a duly authorized official in the Visa Office, along with a summary of the available intelligence and/or background information and any other relevant documentation.  When prudential revocation is approved, the subject’s name is entered into CLASS and the revocation is communicated within the Department and to other agencies by the following means:

(1)  (U) For a prudential revocation, the “VRVK” code will be entered as well as any applicable quasi-ineligibility (“P”) code that corresponds to the suspected ineligibility. 

(2)  Unavailable   

(3)  (U) Silent Revocation:  If law enforcement interests require that the subject remain unaware of U.S. Government interest, post will be informed of the revocation but instructed not to notify the subject, through a “silent revocation”.

b. Unavailable   

c.  (U) Prudential Revocation for Driving Under the Influence:  Either Post or the Department has the authority to prudentially revoke a visa on the basis of a potential INA 212(a)(1)(A) ineligibility when a Watchlist Promote Hit appears for an arrest or conviction of driving under the influence, driving while intoxicated, or similar arrests/convictions (DUI) that occurred within the previous five years.  This does not apply when the arrest has already been addressed within the context of a visa application; i.e., the individual has been through the panel physician's assessment due to the arrest.  This does not apply to other alcohol related arrests such as public intoxication that do not involve the operation of a vehicle.  Unlike other prudential revocations, consular officers do not need to refer the case to the Department, but can prudentially revoke on their own authority.  Post should process the revocation from the Spoil tab NIV and add P1A3 and VRVK lookouts from the Refusal window.

9 FAM 403.11-6  (U) Reconsideration of Revocations

9 FAM 403.11-6(A)  (U) Reinstatement Following Revocation

(CT:VISA-1061;   04-24-2020)


(1)  (U) If Visa Has Been Revoked But No Further Action Taken:  If the visa has not been physically canceled, and if notices of revocation have not been sent, a brief summary of the pertinent facts is to be entered into the case notes in CCD indicating that the revocation was withdrawn.  Posts should submit CLOK removal requests for any revocation-related entries and contact the CA Service Desk for removal of the red REVOKED banner in the CCD (or contact VO-Revocations@state.gov if the revocation was processed by the Department)

(2(U) If Visa Has Been Revoked and Physically Canceled: If a visa has been revoked and the revoked visa physically canceled, the alien may apply for a new visa; however, they may not travel on the physically cancelled visa.

(3(U) If at Stopover Location Revocation Appears Overcome: Upon interviewing the alien, should the stopover post conclude that the basis for revocation has been overcome, the alien is no longer ineligible, and the visa has not been physically cancelled, reinstatement of the visa in accordance with 9 FAM 403.11-6(A) above may be warranted.  The stopover post should inform the revoking post in detail of its findings, addressing an info copy to the Department (CA/VO/SAC).  Such a report could form the basis for reinstatement of the visa initiated by the revoking post or the stopover post, provided that it had the concurrence of the revoking post.  If posts have a difference of opinion, the case should be submitted to the Department (CA/VO/L/A for non-security related revocations or CA/VO/SAC for security, foreign policy, or human rights related revocations) for determination.  Should a determination to reinstate the visa be made, the revoking post, which may be presumed to hold the bulk of pertinent data on the case, would have the responsibility to take the reinstatement actions described above, and update and revise entries in CLASS.

9 FAM 403.11-7  (U) Actions by DHS

9 FAM 403.11-7(A)  (U) Cancellation of Visas by Immigration Officers Under 22 CFR 41.122(e)

(CT:VISA-1061;   04-24-2020)

a. (U) When a visa is canceled by a DHS officer, one of the following notations will normally be entered in the alien’s passport:

(1)  (U) Canceled.  Adjusted;

(2)  (U) Canceled.  Excluded. DHS (Office) (Date);

(3)  (U) Canceled.  Application withdrawn. DHS (Office) (Date);

(4)  (U) Canceled.  Final order of deportation/voluntary departure entered DHS (Office) (Date) Canceled.  Departure required.  DHS (Office) (Date);

(5)  (U) Canceled.  Waiver revoked. DHS (Office) (Date); and

(6)  (U) Canceled.  Presented by impostor.  DHS (Office) (Date).

b. (U) Except when a visa is canceled after the alien’s status has been adjusted to that of a permanent resident, DHS will directly inform the consular office which issued the visa of the cancellation action.  Form I-275, Withdrawal of Application/Consular Notification, will be used to inform consular officers at the issuing office of the cancellation action.  Form I-275 and any other attached forms should not be released to aliens or their representatives.

9 FAM 403.11-7(B)  (U) Voidance of Counterfeit Visas

(CT:VISA-1061;   04-24-2020)

(U) When DHS has determined through examination that a visa has been altered or is counterfeit, it will void the visa by entering one of the following notations on the visa page, together with the action officer’s signature, title, and office location:

(1)  (U) Counterfeit visa per testimony of alien (file number); or

(2)  (U) Counterfeit visa per telecon, letter, e-mail from U.S. Embassy (U.S. Consul).