UNCLASSIFIED (U)

7 FAM 960 

CRIMINAL MATTERS, REQUESTS FROM FOREIGN TRIBUNALS, AND OTHER SPECIAL ISSUES

(CT:CON-808;   06-05-2018)
(Office of Origin:  CA/OCS)

7 FAM 961  SPECIAL JUDICIAL ASSISTANCE ISSUES

(CT:CON-127;   01-26-2006)

This subchapter addresses special issues associated with judicial assistance questions to which the procedures outlined elsewhere in this chapter do not apply.  This includes, but is not limited to, judicial assistance requests in criminal matters, requests from foreign courts and tribunals for judicial assistance from the United States, travel of foreign officials to the United States related to judicial assistance, and the enforcement of judgments issued by courts in one country in another country.

7 FAM 962  CRIMINAL MATTERS

7 FAM 962.1  Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters Treaties (MLATs)

(CT:CON-449;   03-25-2013)

a. The United States is a party to various bilateral treaties on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters (MLAT).  See the Bureau of Consular Affairs Internet feature on Mutual Legal Assistance Treaties and Other Agreements and Treaties in Force on the Department of State Internet page.  Since the first U.S. bilateral Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) entered into force with Switzerland in 1977, our MLATs have become an increasingly important.  They seek to improve the effectiveness of judicial assistance and to regularize and facilitate its procedures.  Each country designates a central authority, generally the two Justice Departments, for direct communication.  The treaties include the power to summon witnesses, to compel the production of documents and other real evidence, to issue search warrants, and to serve process.  Consular officers may be called on to assist U.S. prosecutors in making arrangements for obtaining evidence under such agreements.  This assistance usually takes the form of arranging appointments, providing office space, administering oaths, and so forth.

b. Defense Requests: 

(1)  Generally, the remedies offered by the MLAT treaties are only available to the prosecutors. (See 7 FAM 962.5).  The defense must usually proceed with the methods of obtaining evidence in criminal matters under the laws of the host country, which usually involve letters rogatory.  Defense requests in criminal matters should be directed to CA/OCS/ACS, which will consult with CA/OCS/L as appropriate (Ask-OCS-L@state.gov).

(2)  Federal Public Defenders:  Federal Public Defenders are appointed to represent private defendants in criminal matters prosecuted by the Department of Justice.  As employees of the judicial branch they are not subject to Chief of Mission authority or post country clearance procedures.  (See 2 FAH-2 H-110.)  The Department does encourage federal public defenders to notify CA/OCS/L of overseas travel so that overseas embassies may be alerted and advise The Department regarding any requirements the host country may have.  Federal Public Defenders perform an essentially non-governmental, private function and owe paramount professional loyalty to their private clients.  The Department does not monitor how federal public defenders execute their professional obligations toward their clients but rather is keenly interested in their welfare as U.S. citizens when traveling abroad and seeks to provide information and facilitate contacts with foreign governments so that professional activities may be undertaken in compliance with host country requirements.  Questions involving federal public defenders should be directed to CA/OCS/L at Ask-OCS-L@state.gov.

c.  The U.S. Central Authority for MLAT treaties is the U.S. Department of Justice, Criminal Division, Office of International Affairs.  The Department of State Office responsible for questions related to MLAT treaties is the Office of the Legal Adviser for Law Enforcement and Intelligence (L/LEI).

d. The United States now has the following bilateral MLATs in force, unless otherwise noted as being signed but not in force.  This list is subject to change.  For the most recent information, refer to Treaties in Force and Treaty Actions.  The U.S. is also a party to the multilateral Inter American Convention on Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters.  The multilateral Agreement on Mutual Legal Assistance between European Union and United States of America is not yet in force.

Country

Entered Into Force (or signed, not yet in force, where noted)

Citations

Antigua and Barbuda

July 1, 1999

Treaty Doc. 105-24 105th Cong., 1st Sess. Exec. Rept. 105-22, 105th Cong., 2nd Sess.

Argentina

February 9, 1993

Treaty Doc. 102-18, 102nd Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 102-33, 102nd Cong., 1st Sess.

Australia

September 30, 1999

Treaty Doc. 105-27, 105th Cong., 1st Sess. Exec. Rept. 105-22, 105th Cong., 2nd Sess.

Austria

August 1, 1998

Treaty Doc. 104-21, 104th Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 104-24, 104th Cong., 2nd Sess.

Bahamas

July 18, 1990

Treaty Doc. 100-17, 100th Cong. 2nd Sess. Exec. Rept. 100-30, 100th Cong. 2nd Sess.

Barbados

March 3, 2000

Treaty Doc. 105-23, 105th Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 105-22, 105th Cong. 2nd Sess

Belize

January 7, 2003

Treaty Doc. 107-13, 107th Cong., 2d Sess.; Exec. Rept. 107-15 2d Sess.

Belgium

January 1, 2000

Treaty Doc. 100-16, 100th Cong., 2nd Sess., Exec. Rept. 100-29, 100th Cong., 2d Sess. Exec. Rept. 101-11, 101st Cong., 1st Sess.

Brazil

February 21, 2001

Treaty Doc. 105-42 105th Cong. 2nd Sess., Exec. Rept 105-22, 105th Cong, 2nd Sess.

Bulgaria

Signed September 19, 2007 (not in force)

Treaty Doc. 110-12, 110th Cong. 2d Sess.

Canada

January 24, 1990

Treaty Doc. 100-14; 100th Cong., 2nd Sess. Exec. Rept. 100-28; 100th Cong, 2nd Sess. Exec. Rept 101-10; 101st Cong., 1st Sess. XXIV ILM No. 4, 7/85, 1092-1099.

Colombia

Signed August 20, 1980 (Not in Force)

Treaty Doc. 97-11, 97th Cong. 1st Sess. Exec Rept 97-35

Cyprus

September 18, 2002

Treaty Doc. 106-35, 106 Cong. 2nd Sess. Exec. Rept 106-24, 106 Cong. 2nd Sess.

Czech Republic

May 7, 2000

Treaty Doc. 105-47, 105th Cong., 2nd Sess., Exec. Rept. 105-22, 105th Cong. 2nd Sess.

Denmark

Signed June 23, 2005 (Not yet in Force)

Treaty Doc. 109-13, 109th Cong. 2d Sess.

Dominica

May 25, 2000

Treaty Doc. 105-24, 105th Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 105-22; 105th Cong. 2nd Sess.

Egypt

November 29, 2001

Treaty Doc. 106-19, 106th Cong. 2nd Sess., Exec. Rept. 106-24, 106th Cong, 2nd Sess.

Estonia

October 20, 2000

Treaty Doc. 105-52, 105th Cong., 2nd Sess., Exec. Rept. 105-22, 105th Cong. 2nd Sess.

European Union

Signed June 25, 2003 (Not in Force)

Treaty Doc. 109-13, 109th Cong.  2d Sess.

Finland

Signed December 16, 2004 (Not in Force)

Treaty Doc. 109-13, 109th Cong. 2d Sess.

France

December 1, 2001

Treaty Doc. 106-17, 106th Cong. 2nd Sess., Exec. Rept 106-24, 106th Cong. 2nd Sess.

Germany

Signed October 14, 2003 (Not in Force)

Treaty Doc. 108-27, 108th Cong. 2d Sess.; Exec. Rept. 109-14, 109th Cong. 2d Sess.

Greece

November 20, 2001

Treaty Doc. 106-18, 106th Cong. 2nd Sess., Exec. Rept. 106-24, 106th Cong, 2d Sess.

Grenada

September 14, 1999

Treaty Doc. 15-24, 105th Cong. 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 105-22, 105th Cong., 2d Sess.

Hong Kong SAR

January 21, 2000

Treaty Doc. 105-6, 105th Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 105-22; 105th Cong., 2d Sess.

Hungary

March 18, 1997

Treaty Doc. 104-20, 104th Cong., 1st Sess. Exec Rept. 104-25, 104th Cong. 2d Sess.

India

Entered into force October 3, 2005.

Treaty Doc. 107-3, 107th Cong., 2d Sess.; Exec. Rept. 107-15, 2d Sess.

Ireland

Signed January 18,2001 (Not in Force)

Treaty Doc. 107-9, 107th Cong., 2d Sess.; Exec. Rept.  107-15,  2d Sess.

Israel

May 25, 1999

Treaty Doc. 105-40, 105th Cong., 2d Sess., Exec. Rept. 105-22, 105th Cong., 2d Sess.

Italy

November 13, 1985

Sen. Ex. 98-25, Exec. Rept. 98-36, 98th Cong., 2d Sess.

Jamaica

July 25, 1995

Treaty Doc. 102-16, 102d Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 102-32, 102d Cong., 1st Sess.

Japan

Entered into force July 21, 2006.

Treaty Doc. 108-12, 108th Cong., 1st Sess.; Exec. Report 109-14,  2d Sess.

Korea

May 23, 1997

Treaty Doc. 104-1, 104th Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 104-22; 104th Cong. 2d Sess.

Latvia

September 17, 1999

Treaty Doc. 105-34, 105th Cong., 2d Sess., Exec. Rept. 105-22; 105th Cong., 2nd Sess.

Liechtenstein

August 1, 2003

Treaty Doc. 107-16, 107th Cong., 2d Sess.; Exec. Rept. 107-15, 107th Cong., 2d Sess.

Lithuania

August 26, 1999

Treaty Doc. 105-41, 105th Cong., 2d Sess., Exec. Rept. 105-22, 105th Cong., 2d Sess.

Luxembourg

February 1, 2001

Treaty Doc. 105-11, 105th Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 105-22, 105th Cong., 2d Sess.

Malaysia

Signed July 28, 2006 (Not yet in force)

Treaty Doc. 109-22, 109th Cong., 2d Sess.

Malta

Signed May 18, 2006 (Not yet in force)

Treaty Doc 109-13, 109th Cong., 2d Sess.

Mexico

May 3, 1991

Treaty Doc. 100-13, Exec. Rept. 100-27, 100th Cong., 2 Sess., Exec. Rept. 101-09, 101st Cong. 1st Sess., XXVII ILM, No. 2, 3/88, 447.

Morocco

June 23, 1993

Sen. Ex. 98-24, Exec. Rept. 98-35, 98th Cong., 2d Sess.

Netherlands

September 15, 1983

TIAS 10734

Nigeria

January 14, 2003

Treaty doc. 102-26, 102d Cong., 2d Sess.; Exec. Rept. 106-24, 106th Cong., 2d Sess.

Panama

September 6, 1995

Treaty Doc. 102-15, 102 Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 104-3, 102 Cong., 2d Sess.

Philippines

November 22, 1996

Treaty Doc. 104-18, 104th Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 104-26, 104th Cong., 2d Sess.

Poland

September 17, 1999

Treaty Doc. 105-12, 105th Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 105-22, 105th Cong., 2d Sess.

Portugal

July 15, 2005 (Not yet in force)

Treaty Doc. 109-13, 109th Cong., 2d Sess.

Romania

October 17, 2001

Treaty Doc. 106-20, 106th Cong. 2d Sess., Exec. Rept. 106-24, 106th Cong, 2d Sess.

Russian Federation

January 31, 2002

Fact Sheet Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty Between the U.S. and Russia January 31, 2002

Department of Justice (DOJ) Overseas Prosecutorial Development

Treaty Doc. 106-22, 106th Cong. 2d Sess., Exec. Rept. 107-3, 107th Cong, 1st Sess.

Saint Kitts & Nevis

February 23, 2000

Treaty Doc. 105-37, Exec. Rept. 105-22, 105th Cong., 2d Sess.

Saint Lucia

February 2, 2000

Treaty Doc. 105-24, 105th Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 105-22; 105th Cong., 2d Sess.

Saint Vincent & the Grenadines

September 8, 1999

Treaty Doc. 105-44, Exec. Rept. 105-22, 105th Cong., 2d Sess.

Slovak Republic

February 6, 2006 (Not yet in force)

Treaty Doc. 109-13, 109th Cong., 2d Sess.

Slovenia

October 17, 2005 (Not yet in force)

Treaty Doc. 109-13, 109th Cong., 2d Sess.

South Africa

June 25, 2001

Treaty Doc. 106-36, 106th Cong., 2d Sess. Exec. Rept. 106-24, 106th Cong. 2d Sess.

Spain

June 30, 1993

Treaty Doc. 102-21, 102d Cong., 2d Sess., Exec. Rept. 102-35, 102d Cong., 2d Sess.

Sweden

Signed December 17, 2001 (Not in Force)

Treaty Doc. 107-12, 107th Cong., 2d Sess.

Switzerland

January 23, 1977

TIAS 8302, 27 UST 2019

Thailand

June 10, 1993

Treaty Doc. 100-18, Exec. Rept. 100-31, 100th Cong., 3d Sess., Exec. Rept. 101-13, 101st Cong., 1st Sess.

Trinidad and Tobago

November 29, 1999

Treaty Doc. 105-22, 105th Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 105-22, 105th Cong., 2d Sess.

Turkey

January 1, 1981

TIAS 9891

Ukraine

February 27, 2001

Treaty Doc. 106-16, 106th Cong., 2d Sess.; Exec. Rept. 106-24, 106th Cong, 2d. Sess.

United Kingdom

December 2, 1996

Treaty Doc. 104-2, 104th Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 104-23, 104th Cong., 2d Sess.

United Kingdom (Cayman Islands)

March 19, 1990

Treaty Doc. 100-8; 100th Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 100-26, 100th Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 100-26; 100th Cong., 2d Sess., Exec. Rept. 101-8, 101st Cong., 1st Sess., XXVI ILM 536, 3/87.

United Kingdom (Anguilla)

November 9, 1990

Treaty with U.K. on Cayman Islands extended to Anguilla.

United Kingdom (British Virgin Islands)

November 9, 1990

Treaty with U.K. on Cayman Islands extended to British Virgin Islands.

United Kingdom (Montserrat)

April 26, 1991

Treaty with U.K. on Cayman Islands extended to Montserrat.

United Kingdom (Turks and Caicos Islands)

November 9, 1990

Treaty with U.K. on Cayman Islands extended to Turks and Caicos.

Uruguay

April 15, 1994

Treaty Doc. 102-19, 102d Cong., 1st Sess., Exec. Rept. 102-34, 102d Cong., 2d Sess.

Venezuela

Signed October 12, 1997; entered into force March 1, 2004

Treaty Doc. 105-38, 105th Cong., 2d Sess., Exec. Rept. 105-22, 105th Cong., 2d Sess.

7 FAM 962.2  Coordination with U.S. Law Enforcement at U.S. Embassies and Consulates

(CT:CON-127;   01-26-2006)

For countries where there is no MLAT treaty in force, U.S. federal, state and local prosecutors may require consular assistance in the taking of depositions of willing witnesses, transmittal of letters rogatory for compulsion of evidence, and preparation of special authentication certificates required for criminal matters.  (See the Federal Rules of Evidence, Rule 902, Rule 1000-1008).

7 FAM 962.3  Grand Jury Secrecy

(CT:CON-407;   06-29-2012)

When the Department receives a request for judicial assistance related to a Grand Jury proceeding, instructions from CA/OCS will include specific guidance about grand jury secrecy, Rule 6(e) Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure.  CA/OCS/L provides guidance to CA/OCS/ACS and posts abroad, coordinating closely with the Office of the Legal Adviser (L/CA and L/LEI) and the U.S. Department of Justice as appropriate in these cases.  Access to this information is strictly on a need to know basis for fulfillment of the request.  Information about Department of State and U.S. Embassy and Consulate officials with access to information about Grand Jury proceedings must be reported to CA/OCS/L to be shared with the Court.

ABA Frequently Asked Questions about the Grand Jury System

U.S. Department of Justice Grand Jury Manual

U.S. Department of Justice, U.S. Attorneys Manual, Criminal Resource Manual 156 Disclosure of matters occurring before the grand jury to Department of Justice attorneys and Assistant United States Attorneys

CA/OCS Intranet Grand Jury Feature

7 FAM 962.4  Service Of Federal Criminal Subpoenas

(CT:CON-127;   01-26-2006)

7 FAM 950 provides information on “Service of Federal Criminal Subpoenas”.

7 FAM 962.5  Defense Requests In Criminal Matters

(CT:CON-449;   03-25-2013)

MLAT treaties are not generally available as a mechanism for obtaining judicial assistance on behalf of the defense in criminal cases.  Defense counsel may consult the Bureau of Consular Affairs Internet page judicial assistance material for general and country specific guidance.  Requests for taking depositions of willing witnesses abroad may be made directly to U.S. embassies and consulates abroad.  Requests for compulsion of evidence pursuant to letters rogatory may be directed to CA/OCS/ACS.  CA/OCS/L is available to assist in these cases (Ask-OCS-L@state.gov).

7 FAM 962.6  Authentication of Documentary Evidence for Use in Criminal Matters

(CT:CON-449;   03-25-2013)

a. 7 FAM 875 provides general guidance about authentication of documents for use by Federal agencies.

b. The U.S. Department of Justice, Criminal Division, Office of International Affairs has advised the Department of State that it is not appropriate to authenticate documents emanating from countries party to the Hague Convention Abolishing the Requirement for Legalization of Foreign Public Documents with an apostille certificate issued by a foreign competent authority.  (See 7 FAM 876.)

c.  Documents originating in a foreign country which may be requested for use in the United States in criminal matters generally fall into the following categories:

(1)  Authentication of Business Records;

(2)  Authentication of Foreign Government Official Records;

(3)  Certification by the Custodian of the Business or Foreign Government Official Records as to the Absence of Such Records; and

(4)  Consular Authentication of the seal of the Custodian of the Business Records or the Foreign Government Official Records – Department of State Form DS-1982, General Authentication Certificate.

d. The Department of Justice has provided the Department of State with the following model certificates which are available at the Consular Affairs, Overseas Citizens Services Intranet page:

(1)  Certificate of Authenticity of Business Records;

(2)  Certificate Regarding Search for Business Records;

(3)  Attestation of Authenticity of Official Records; and

(4)  Certificate Regarding Search for Foreign Official Records.

e. Questions concerning the appropriate authentication certificate to be used in criminal matters should be addressed by the U.S. Government or state government agency, prosecutor or other person making the request.  CA/OCS/L (Ask-OCS-L@state.gov) can assist posts in coordinating with the Office of the Legal Adviser for Law Enforcement and Intelligence (L/LEI) and the Department of Justice or other agency regarding such cases.

7 FAM 963  U.S. JUDICIAL ASSISTANCE TO FOREIGN TRIBUNALS

(CT:CON-127;   01-26-2006)

a. 28 U.S.C. 1781 provides the Department of State has power, directly, or through suitable channels to receive a letter rogatory issued, or request made, by a foreign or international tribunal, to transmit it to the tribunal, officer, or agency in the United States to whom it is addressed, and to receive and return it after execution. 

b. United States Attorney Responsibilities -- Judicial Assistance to Foreign Tribunals (U.S. Attorneys Manual 4-1.325):  28 U.S.C. 1782 authorizes the United States district court for the district in which a person resides or is found to order such person to give his/her testimony or to produce documents or other things for use in a proceeding in a foreign or international tribunal.  Requests for international judicial assistance are executed either on the basis of treaty obligations assumed by the United States (see, e.g., the Hague Evidence Convention, TIAS 7444, 23 UST 2555) or on the basis of international comity and courtesy.  Requests for international judicial assistance from foreign tribunals in civil matters will be referred to United States Attorney's by the Office of Foreign Litigation, Civil Division.  (See 28 CFR 0.49).  United States Attorney's (federal prosecutors) do not attempt to execute foreign evidence requests in civil cases without obtaining the approval of the Office of Foreign Litigation (U.S. Attorneys Manual 4-4.600).

28 CFR 0.49 International judicial assistance.

“The Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Civil Division shall direct and supervise the following functions:

(a) The functions of the ``Central Authority'' under the Convention between the United States and other Governments on the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil and Commercial Matters (Hague Evidence Convention), TIAS 7444, which entered into force on October 7, 1972.

(b) The functions of the ``Central Authority'' under the Convention between the United States and other Governments on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents (Hague Service Convention), TIAS 6638, which entered into force on February 10, 1969.

(c) To receive letters of requests issued by foreign and international judicial authorities which are referred to the Department of Justice through diplomatic or other governmental channels, and to transmit them to the appropriate courts or officers in the United States for execution.

(d) To receive and transmit through proper channels letters of request addressed by courts in the United States to foreign tribunals in connection with litigation to which the United States is a party.”

c.  The Department of State’s position on the assistance that the United States will give to foreign tribunals in judicial assistance matters is stated in the Secretary’s circular diplomatic note of February 3, 1976.  This note deals with the service of judicial documents, requests for evidence (testimony, statements, documents or things); and other requests, including requests for the enforcement of judgments, which the Department will return unexecuted because they may not be enforced by means of a request for judicial assistance. 

d. The Department provided amended guidance to the Chiefs of Mission in Washington, DC in the Secretary’s circular diplomatic note of June 4, 2003, which explained that the U.S. Department of Justice retained the services of a private contractor to effect service of process in the United States on behalf of foreign tribunals pursuant to requests under the Hague Service Convention, the Inter-American Convention on Letters Rogatory (Inter-American Service Convention) and Additional Protocol, and requests received from foreign tribunals in countries not party to any treaty on service of process.  See also the U.S. Notification to the Organization of American States and the U.S. Notification to the Hague Conference on Private International Law.  (See 7 FAM 950).

e. The Secretary’s circular notes are available to posts in English and translations via the CA/OCS Intranet judicial assistance, foreign government judicial assistance requests feature.

7 fam 965  RESTRICTIONS ON TRAVEL TO THE UNITED STATES OF FOREIGN GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS

(CT:CON-808;   06-05-2018)

a. 7 FAM 941 addresses the procedures to be followed to obtain post and host country clearance for the travel of U.S. officials for the purposes of conducting informal interviews, depositions or other activities related to judicial assistance matters. 

b. Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 951, persons who act as agents of foreign governments are required to notify the Attorney General whenever they travel to the United States. Upon learning of the travel plans of such agents, consular officers should advise the officials concerned how to effect notification. Should the travel of an agent of a foreign government to the United States raise questions of significant political or legal ramifications, consult the Department (CA/OCS).  Failure of agents of foreign governments to notify the Attorney General may violate 18 U.S.C. 951, and may result in fines and/or imprisonment, or both.

c.  It is the responsibility of individuals covered by 18 U.S.C. 951 to ensure their compliance with the statute.  Consular officers have no statutory responsibility under 18 U.S.C. 951, hence the providing of information as described above may be limited to those agents of foreign governments who travel to the United States while engaged in judicial investigations pursuant to treaties or other mutual assistance requests, or engaged in law enforcement investigations or regulatory agency activity.

d  Agents engaged in judicial activity shall provide notification in the form of a letter, telex, or FAX, addressed to the Attorney General, and directed to:

    The Office of International Affairs
Criminal Division
Department of Justice
1400 New York Ave. N.W.
Washington, DC 20530

FAX: (202) 514-0080.

e. Notification made by agents engaged in law enforcement investigations shall be made to the Attorney General in a similar manner and directed to the attention of:

    INTERPOL
United States National Central Bureau
Department of Justice
Washington, DC 20520

    FAX: (202) 272-5941.

f.  See 28 CFR 73, Notification to the Attorney General by Agents of Foreign Governments.

28 CFR 73.3 Form of notification.

7 fam 966  ASSISTANCE TO U.S., STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT AGENCIES

(CT:CON-449;   03-25-2013)

Consular officers should provide assistance to U.S., State, and local government agencies in judicial assistance matters, bearing in mind the need to observe host country legal procedures and sensitivities, as well as any limitations prescribed by U.S. law or policy.  If the consular officer has doubts about a request for legal assistance, refer the matter to the Department (CA/OCS/L) at Ask-OCS-L@state.gov.

U.S. Federal Agencies

National Association of Attorneys General

National District Attorneys Association

7 fam 967  enforcement of judgments

(CT:CON-127;   01-26-2006)

a. There is no treaty in force between the United States and any country regarding enforcement of judgments.  You may direct inquirers to the Department of State, Bureau of Consular Affairs Internet page enforcement of judgments feature.

b. The United States does have federal bilateral reciprocal administrative agreements on child support enforcement.  For questions about international child support enforcement, see 7 FAM 1750 and the Internet features:

Bureau of Consular Affairs

Child Support Enforcement feature

Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Child Support Enforcement (HHS/ACF/OCSE)

Foreign Reciprocating Countries

7 fam 968  through 969 UNASSIGNED

 

UNCLASSIFIED (U)