14 FAH-1 H-500
PROPERTY COST ACCOUNTING
14 FAH-1 H-510
CAPITALIZED PROPERTY COST ACCOUNTING
(Office of Origin: A/LM)
14 FAH-1 H-511 CAPITALIZED PERSONAL PROPERTY AND GENERAL LEDGER ACCOUNTING
a. Nonexpendable personal property having an acquisition cost (as defined in 14 FAM 411.4) of $25,000 or more per item, and an estimated service life of 2 years or longer is capitalized property and is recorded on the general ledger. All State motor vehicles are capitalized, regardless of cost. USAID motor vehicles are capitalized property only when the cost is $25,000 or greater (to include all costs associated with outfitting the vehicle in use, including shipping and/or armoring charges, when applicable). Capitalized property from posts is recorded on the general ledger and is used to prepare financial statements. Accordingly (State only), all posts must submit capitalized property data quarterly to the Office of Global Financial Services (CGFS/F/AO/WCP/PA) in accordance with instructions provided in cables from the Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services (CGFS). USAID missions submit capitalized property data per instructions issued by USAID/Washington - M/CFO/CAR for mandatory quarterly submissions.
b. State only: All software that meets the Department’s threshold with expected useful life of 2 years or longer shall be capitalized. Commercial off-the-shelf software configured for State operations with a total cost of $500,000 or more is capitalized. Similarly, State software developed within the agency by direct-hire or contract employees shall be capitalized if the expected useful life is 2 years or longer and the cost of direct-hire or contractual services exceeds $500,000. Software maintenance costs and the cost to convert data are not capitalized and should not be considered in determining the application of the threshold. Bulk purchases of software packages with a total cost $100,000 or more shall also be reported as capitalized.
14 FAH-1 H-512 DEPRECIATION OF CAPITALIZED PERSONAL PROPERTY
a. Generally accepted accounting principles require that the cost of capitalized personal property assets, less any salvage value, be allocated over the estimated useful life of an asset in a systematic and rational way. For DPS assets, capitalized personal property depreciation is computed by the Global Financial Management System (GFMS). For USAID assets, OE capitalized personal property is depreciated in accordance with ADS Chapter 629.
b. The procedures below are used to depreciate property.
14 FAH-1 H-512.1 Depreciable Cost
a. The first step is to determine the depreciable cost of the item. The depreciable cost is the acquisition cost and all costs associated with placing the asset in-service less the estimated salvage value expected to remain at the end of the estimated useful life of the item. For example, if an item's invoice cost is $30,000, the only related costs were transportation charges ($1,000), and the estimated salvage or scrap value remaining at the end of the expected useful life period is $3,000, the depreciable cost is computed as follows:
Invoice Cost $30,000
Transportation Charges + 1,000
Acquisition Cost $31,000
Estimated Salvage/Scrap Value – 3,100
Depreciable Cost $27,900
b. Useful life is generated automatically by approved property system or Integrated Logistics Management System (ILMS) as applicable.
14 FAH-1 H-512.2 Computing Depreciation
In the Global Financial Management System (GFMS), depreciation is computed and posted to the general ledger quarterly, using straight-line depreciation (i.e., the incremental reduction of an item's depreciable cost in equal segments over the years of useful life).
14 FAH-1 H-512.2-1 Annual Depreciation
Most nonexpendable property has a definite useful life span. To arrive at annual depreciation, divide the depreciable cost (e.g., $27,900) by the estimated years of useful life. If, for example, the estimated useful life is 8 years, annual depreciation is $3,487.50 (depreciable cost, $27,900, divided by 8 years). To arrive at the quarterly depreciation, divide the annual depreciation by 4. During the first year that an asset is placed into service, USAID recognizes a half year of depreciation expense, and a half year of depreciation expense in the final year of an asset’s estimated useful life. Using the example above, USAID would recognize $1,743.25 ($3,487.50 X ½) of depreciation expense during the first year of service and the final $1,743.25 in the final year of the asset’s estimated useful life.
14 FAH-1 H-512.2-2 Accumulated Depreciation
To arrive at accumulated depreciation, multiply annual depreciation by the number of years the item has been in use. If, as in the example in 14 FAH-1 H-512.2-1, the item has been in use for 3 years, accumulated depreciation is $10,462.50 (annual depreciation ($3,487.50) multiplied by number of years in use (3)). USAID would recognize $5,231.25 in accumulated depreciation expense for the example in 14 FAH-1 H-512.2-1, $1,743.25 for the first year and $3,487.50 for years 2 and 3.
14 FAH-1 H-512.2-3 Net Value
The net value of the item is arrived at by subtracting the accumulated depreciation from the acquisition cost. The net value for the item in the example in 14 FAH-1 H-512.2-1 at the end of 3 years would be $20,537.50 (acquisition cost, $31,000, less accumulated depreciation, $10,462.50).
14 FAH-1 H-512.3 Capitalized Property File
a. Establish a separate file for each capitalized item at the time that the property is picked up on the property records to maintain a running account of its depreciating value. The file shall contain the following information:
(3) Acquisition cost (use estimated acquisition cost for items purchased or estimated fair-market value for items transferred or donated, at the time acquired, if actual cost is unknown);
(4) Asset type;
(6) Date received (acquisition date);
(7) Estimated future salvage value;
(8) Acquisition costs, including all costs to place in-service;
(9) Estimated years of useful life;
(10) Date item put into use;
(11) Annual depreciation;
(12) Accumulated depreciation;
(13) Net value; and
(14) Date of disposal, as applicable.
b. Activities not using the nonexpendable property application (NEPA) shall establish files in the same format as described below.
Enter the appropriation symbol under which the property was acquired. This will be part of the fiscal data on the acquisition document. If the property was acquired as a transfer from another post or U.S. Government agency, it will be necessary to get the appropriation symbol from the transferor.
Enter the allotment symbol as indicated in the fiscal data on the acquisition document.
Obtain from property records.
 Property Number
Obtain from property records.
Select the appropriate category.
 Date Received
Use the date of receipt indicated on the receiving report.
 Invoice Cost
This is the basic cost of the item, exclusive of any related costs (e.g., transportation or installation). This cost should be on the acquisition document.
 Other Costs
These are costs other than the basic cost of the item (e.g., transportation, handling and storage, installation, etc.)
 Acquisition Cost
Enter the total of fields  and .
 Salvage/Scrap Value
Enter the estimated scrap or salvage value expected to remain at the end of the projected useful life period of the item.
 Depreciable Cost
Subtract field  from field  and enter here.
 Date Put In Use
Enter the date that the item was put in use. This date will trigger the depreciation. Depreciation begins with the first fiscal year after the item is put into use.
 Estimated Life-Years
The period during which the item is expected to provide the service for which it was intended.
 Date Disposed of
Enter the date on which the property was discarded.
Enter the date that the entry to the property record is being made.
 Current Period Depreciation
The amount that the property decreased in value each period (annual depreciation). To arrive at this figure, divide depreciable cost (field ) by the estimated years of useful life (field ).
 Accumulated Depreciation
The total amount that the value of the item has decreased during its time in use. Add the current period depreciation (field ) to the previous figure in this field.
 Net Value
The current depreciated value of the item. Subtract the accumulated depreciation (field ) from the acquisition cost (field ).
Enter any appropriate remarks. For example, you may want to enter a comment on an improvement or modification to the item.
c. For nondepreciable property, only fields  through , need to be completed (field  should be completed when the property is discarded). Each year the same value (acquisition cost) is reported on the annual Report of Capitalized Personal Property. For nondepreciable items, see 14 FAH-1 H-512.4, paragraph c, for nondepreciable capitalized property.
d. The Capitalized Property File may be discarded upon disposal of the property.
14 FAH-1 H-512.4 Organization of Capitalized Property Files
a. Establish the capitalized property records in a central file. To facilitate compilation of data needed for the annual report, sort the files by appropriation and, within each appropriation, sort the files by the following categories:
(1) Communications Equipment;
(3) Medical Equipment;
(4) Security Equipment;
(5) IT Equipment;
(6) IT Software;
(7) Capitalized Leases of Personal Property;
(8) Other Depreciable Personal Property;
(9) Nondepreciable Capitalized Property, i.e., Heritage Assets; and
(10) Reproduction Equipment.
b. Adjustments to capitalized cost: Later improvements or modifications to a capitalized item also become part of the capitalization process if they extend the useful life of the asset. Add the costs of the improvements or modifications to the acquisition cost of the item and compute a new depreciable cost. Such changes will affect future depreciation only. Do not modify previously recorded depreciation.
c. Nondepreciable capitalized property:
(1) Some property items that have an acquisition cost of $25,000 or more per item and, therefore, are considered to be capitalized property, will not lose value over the years. Property such as heritage assets, fine art, antiques, and representational silverware will not have a defined life span and may increase in value. Although a capitalized property file is established for each of these items, they are not included in the depreciation process;
(2) All nondepreciable property (i.e., heritage assets), regardless of cost, is included as part of the property reporting in accordance with instructions from the Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services (CGFS) and the Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations (OBO), in the ILMS system, as applicable. Nondepreciable items are reported at the acquisition cost shown in the property records. If the value of the item has been adjusted during the reporting period (e.g., due to a current appraisal), the adjusted value is reported on the report of nondepreciable property;
(3) Another example of nondepreciable capitalized property is property in stock. Until capitalized property is issued and depreciation begins, the property is not depreciated and is reported to the Bureau of the Comptroller and Global Financial Services (CGFS) for State or to the financial management office (M/CFO/CAR) for USAID at the acquisition cost.
14 FAH-1 H-513 THROUGH H-519 UNASSIGNED