UNCLASSIFIED (U)

8 FAM 403.4

(U) Place of Birth

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)
(Office of Origin:  CA/PPT/S/A)

8 FAM 403.4-1  (U)  Introduction

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)

a. The Department’s policy on Place of Birth (POB) designations for U.S. passports, forms FS-240, “Consular Report of Birth Abroad of a Citizen of the United States of America,” and forms DS-2026, “Consular Report of the Death of an American Citizen Abroad,” is consistent with its recognition policy.  The Department’s policy on POB is also generally consistent with current sovereignty policy.  This means that U.S. passports, forms FS-240, and forms DS-2026 will list the POB as it was designated at the time of issuance:

(1)  U.S. passports, forms FS-240, and forms DS-2026 remain valid even if the POB designation has changed.  A subsequent change in the POB designation does not warrant rewriting a U.S. passport or amending a form FS-240 or form DS-2026.  Applicants who want a U.S. passport, form DS-240, or form DS-2026 with the new POB designation must apply for a new passport or official copy of the form FS-240 or DS-2026, and pay all applicable fees; and

(2)  Except as provided in 8 FAM 403.4-4(A), U.S. passports, forms FS-240, and forms FS-2026 must not be issued in a previous POB designation.  Applicants who object to the current POB designation may choose the city of birth designation (see 8 FAM 403.4-5), if available.

b. This subchapter provides guidance on designating the POB.  Passport specialists and consular officers (hereinafter referred to as “you” unless otherwise specified) must determine the proper POB in accordance with this subchapter.  You may not deviate from this subchapter without specific written authorization from the Department.

c.  Unless this subchapter specifies otherwise, an applicant born outside the United States who objects to the Department’s country listing of the POB may be offered the city of birth only option.

d. Consular officers must advise the Bureau of Consular Affairs when place name changes occur.  New guidance on POBs based on a change of the legal status or name of the location must be authorized by the Bureau of Consular Affairs (CA) with coordination from the Office of the Geographer and Global Issues, Geographic Information Unit, in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR/GGI), the Office of the Legal Adviser (L/CA, L/DL and the regional L office), and the regional bureau.

8 FAM 403.4-2  BIRTH IN THE UNITED STATES

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)

a. You must use the POB as provided in 8 FAM 403.4-7(A) for persons born in the United States, which is defined in INA 101(a)(38) as the continental United States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.  You must use the POB as provided in 8 FAM 403.4-7(B) for persons born in the United States' outlying territories and possessions.

b. The passport application instructs the applicant to provide both the city and the state of birth.  However, it is not necessary to annotate the city of birth if the applicant only provided the state.

c.  You must indicate the correct two or three letter POB code by either circling (if already listed as the place of birth) or by annotating it:

Title: Box Number 4 in the Passport Application to indicate the City and the State of Birth.  - Description: Box Number 4 in the Passport Application to indicate the City and the State of Birth.

8 FAM 403.4-3  birth Outside the United StateS

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)

a. You must use the POB as provided in 8 FAM 403.4-7(C) for persons born outside the United States.

b. You must indicate the correct three or four letter POB code by either circling (if already listed as the place of birth) or by annotating it:

Title: Box Number 4 in the Passport Application to indicate the City and the State of Birth, for applicants born outside the United States.  - Description: Box Number 4 in the Passport Application to indicate the City and the State of Birth, for applicants born outside the United States.

c.  For forms FS-240, both the city and country of birth must be listed.

8 FAM 403.4-4  Unusual Circumstances Regarding POB

8 FAM 403.4-4(A)  Israel, the Gaza Strip, the Golan Heights, Jerusalem, and the West Bank

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)

a. Golan Heights:  Per Presidential Proclamation on March 25, 2019, U.S. policy recognizes the Golan Heights as part of Israel.  The POB for applicants born in the Golan Heights is ISRAEL.

b. U.S. policy recognizes that Jerusalem, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip are territories whose final status must be determined by negotiations.

c.  West Bank (including the No Man’s Lands between the West Bank and Israel):

(1)  The POB for persons born in the West Bank is WEST BANK.

(2)  Persons born before May 14, 1948 in the West Bank may have PALESTINE listed as the POB (if requested).

d. Gaza Strip:

(1)  The POB for persons born in the Gaza Strip is GAZA STRIP.

(2)  Persons born before May 14, 1948 in the Gaza Strip may have PALESTINE listed as the POB (if requested).

f.  Jerusalem:

(1)  The POB for persons born in Jerusalem is JERUSALEM;

(2)  The POB for persons born before May 14, 1948 within the municipal borders of Jerusalem at that time is JERUSALEM;

(3)  The POB for persons born before May 14, 1948 in locations outside Jerusalem’s municipal limits at that time, that are now inside Jerusalem’s declared municipal limits, is listed as PALESTINE or the name of the location (area/city) as it was known prior to expansion of Jerusalem’s municipal limits at any time following May 14, 1948. Persons born in such locations after May 14, 1948, may choose the name of the location (area/city) as it was known prior to the expansion of Jerusalem’s municipal limits; and

(4)  Do not list Israel, Jordan, or West Bank for persons born within the current municipal borders of Jerusalem.

g. Israel:  List ISRAEL as the place of birth in the passport if and only if the applicant was born in Israel.  Do not list Israel for persons born in the Gaza Strip, Jerusalem, the West Bank, or the No Man’s Land between the West Bank and Israel.

h. POB in area formerly known as Palestine:  Persons born in the area formerly known as Palestine (which includes the Gaza Strip, Jerusalem, or the West Bank) may object to listing their POB as something other than Palestine.  In such cases, you should explain CA’s policy of listing the birthplace as the country having present sovereignty and that U.S. policy recognizes that the final status of the Gaza Strip, Jerusalem, and the West Bank must be determined by negotiations.  Applicants may be offered alternate entry place of birth consistent with more specific guidance in this section and in 8 FAM 403.4-5.

Area Name

POB

Alternate Entry

Gaza Strip

GAZA STRIP

PALESTINE (if born before May 14, 1948); or

 

City or town of birth

Golan Heights

ISRAEL

City or town of birth

Israel

ISRAEL

PALESTINE (if born before May 14, 1948); or

 

City or town of birth

Jerusalem

JERUSALEM

PALESTINE (ONLY if born before May 14, 1948 in an area which was outside Jerusalem’s municipal limits at that time); or

 

Name of the location (area/city) as it was known prior to expansion of Jerusalem’s municipal limits at any time following May 14, 1948 (if born in an area which was outside Jerusalem’s municipal limits on May 14, 1948).

West Bank

WEST BANK

PALESTINE (if born before May 14, 1948); or

 

City or town of birth

Sinai

EGYPT

8 FAM 403.4-4(B)  Birth at Sea or In the Air

(CT:CITZ-1;   06-27-2018)

a. Birth at sea or in the air is applicable when no country has current sovereignty over the area.

b. Birth at sea:  If birth or citizenship documents, such as the ship's log or a statement from the captain, show the POB at sea, annotate that the applicant was born at sea on the application and as the POB in the passport with the appropriate POB code:

Title: Box in the passport application to indicate the place of birth at sea  - Description: Box in the passport application to indicate the place of birth at sea

c.  Birth in the air:  If birth or citizenship documents, such as the flight log or a statement from the pilot, show POB in the air, annotate that the applicant was born in the air on the application and as the POB in the passport with the appropriate POB code:

Title: Box in the passport application to indicate the place of birth in the air. - Description: Box in the passport application to indicate the place of birth in the air.

NOTE:  See 8 FAM 301.1 for adjudication guidance regarding birth in the air, territorial seas, or international waters.

8 FAM 403.4-4(C)  Disputed Territory

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)

a. Disputed territory is territory that is claimed by one or more countries and for which the United States does not take a position on sovereignty.

b. Western Sahara is disputed territory (see United Nations Mission for the Referendum on Western Sahara and Security Council Resolution 1720 of October 31, 2006).  The Travel Document Issuance System (TDIS) and American Citizen Services (ACS) systems provide birthplace codes for Western Sahara (see 8 FAM 403.4-7(C)).

8 FAM 403.4-4(D)  Taiwan

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)

a. The United States recognizes the government of the People’s Republic of China as the sole legal government of China and acknowledges the Chinese position that there is but one China and that Taiwan is a part of China. Taiwan is a geographical description and can be used as POB in the passport pursuant to the guidance below.

b. If an applicant born in Taiwan writes “China” as her/his POB on a passport application, you must list CHINA.

c.  If an applicant born in Taiwan writes “Taiwan” as her/his POB on a passport application, you must list TAIWAN.  If there is any inconsistency regarding the POB, e.g., the applicant's permanent resident card lists China as the POB, you must request the applicant's birth certificate to verify that the applicant’s city of birth is on one of the following islands: the island of Taiwan (formerly called Formosa), Penghu (formerly called Pescadores), Quemoy (Kinmen), or Matsu.

d. If an applicant born in Taiwan writes “Taiwan, China” as her/his POB on a passport application, you must contact the applicant to ascertain whether she/he prefers either TAIWAN or CHINA as her/his POB (Information Request Letter 707-06).

e. A passport applicant whose previous U.S. passport(s) listed TAIWAN as the POB may request that her/his new passport be issued listing CHINA as the POB.  However, a passport applicant whose previous U.S. passport(s) listed CHINA as the POB may not request that her/his new passport be issued listing TAIWAN as the POB without evidence that the previous POB was assigned erroneously.

f.  Passports may not be issued showing the POB as “Taiwan, China,” “Taiwan, Republic of China,” or “Taiwan, ROC.”

8 FAM 403.4-4(E)  Special Administrative Regions

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)

a. A Special Administrative Region (SAR) is a region that enjoys a high degree of autonomy.

b. The People’s Republic of China exercises sovereignty over Hong Kong and Macau, but Hong Kong and Macau are able to exercise a high degree of autonomy and enjoy executive, legislative and independent judicial power, including that of final adjudication. CHINA and the city of birth option are not available.  If an applicant born in Hong Kong or Macau presents a passport listing either CHINA or the city of birth, you must

(1)  Request appropriate evidence of the POB (e.g., the applicant's birth certificate); or

(2)  Verify the information in consular records (e.g., previous passport applications, visa records, etc.--see 7 FAM 1348); and

(3)  List HONG KONG SAR or MACAU SAR, respectively, in the passport.

c.  Effective July 1, 1997, Hong Kong became a SAR of the People’s Republic of China.  The place of birth for Hong Kong, regardless of the date the birth occurred, must be HONG KONG SAR.

d. Effective December 20, 1999, Macau became a SAR of the People's Republic of China.  The place of birth for Macau, regardless of the date the birth occurred, must be MACAU SAR.

8 FAM 403.4-5  City of Birth Listing

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)

a. U.S. citizens born abroad may choose to list the city or town of birth if they object to the Department’s designation of the POB, and an individual who is notified of the policy may also elect the city of birth option unless this subchapter specifies otherwise.  There is no requirement that the applicant document the reason for the objection, if any.

NOTE:  If the applicant was born in an unincorporated area, the applicant may choose to list the name of the area.

b. The city of birth only option is not available for persons born in the United States or its territories or outlying possessions.

c.  The applicant must be advised of the possible difficulties in traveling to or obtaining visas for entry to foreign countries with only a city of birth shown on the passport (Information Notice IN-941-21).

d. Many foreign city names, particularly those that use non-Latin alphabets, may have multiple possible spellings or transliterations.  For example, Kyiv, Ukraine, may be spelled Kiev or Kyyiv (among others).  You must determine the appropriate spelling of the city or area of birth using the United States Board on Geographic Names' GEONET Names Server developed and maintained by the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.  If you cannot establish an appropriate name or spelling, contact AskPPTAdjudication@state.gov.

(1)  You may use the “custom search criteria” to filter the results so only “approved” or “conventional” names are returned;

(2)  You may select the “country name” to filter the results so only cities in the correct country are returned.  This also reduces the likelihood that the database will time out;

(3)  In the “feature designations” option, you may select “populated places” to filter results so only cities are returned.  If the applicant was born in an unincorporated area, you may select “administrative regions” so only area names are returned;

(4)  GeoNames search results:

(a)  The first (leftmost) column, “Name,” provides the spelling with “(approved)”or “(conventional)” if it is an acceptable spelling for the place name;

(b)  The second column, “country,” provides the country in which the city of birth is located.  You can use this column to verify that you have selected the correct city, e.g., Neapoli, Greece or Neopolis, Brazil;

(c)  The sixth column, “feature type,” provides geographic information about the place.  You can use this column to verify that you have filtered the results appropriately; and

(d)  You must determine, in consultation with your supervisor and/or the applicant, if necessary, which place name is most appropriate (generally the city).

e. Write out the city or town name as retrieved from the GeoNames server in the POB field, as there are no standard codes for city birthplaces.  Also, write and circle “XXX” as the place of birth code:

Title: Box to indicate the applicant's POB, retrieved from the GeoNames server. - Description: Box to indicate the applicant's POB, retrieved from the GeoNames server.

f.  If an applicant later requests a new passport showing the country of birth, the applicant must pay the normal fees for the new passport.

8 FAM 403.4-6  requests for no place of birth or a different place of birth

8 FAM 403.4-6(A)  Requests for No Place of Birth

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)

An applicant requesting that no POB be listed on a passport must be advised either at the public counter or via appropriate information notice that the United States will not issue a U.S. passport with no POB listing.  The POB designation is an integral part of establishing an individual’s identity.  It distinguishes that individual from other persons with similar names and/or dates of birth, and helps identify claimants attempting to use another person’s identity.  The information also facilitates retrieval of passport records to assist the Department in determining citizenship or notifying next of kin or other person designated by the individual to be notified in case of an emergency.  Inquirers may further be advised that:

(1)  A passport, as defined by section 101(a)(30) of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952, is “any travel document issued by competent authority showing the bearer's origin, identity, and nationality if any, which is valid for the entry of the bearer into a foreign country”;

(2)  For U.S. passport purposes, the Department of State has defined the term “bearer's origin” to be the bearer's POB.  That entry is included to assist in identifying the individual, not the individual’s nationality.  The passport very clearly states that the bearer is a non-citizen U.S. national or a U.S. citizen;

(3)  Inclusion of the place of birth entry in the passport is consistent with the 1980 report of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), which recommended a standardized passport including the place of birth entry as an essential element;

(4)  Deletion of the place of birth entry from the U.S. passport has been discussed extensively among U.S. Government agencies and with Congress:

(a)  In 1986, Congress directed the Comptroller General to complete a study on the issue;

(b)  The August 1987 General Accounting Office (GAO) report (GAO 87-201) on this issue discusses two separate studies conducted by the Department of State, one in 1977 and another in 1986, to determine how the removal of the POB would affect travel by U.S. citizens;

(c)  Those studies concluded that elimination of the POB from the U.S. passport would cause considerable inconvenience to the entire traveling population, since a number of countries would still require POB information.  Travelers would have to provide POB documentation, either when applying for a visa or when entering the country, or run the risk of being denied entry to those countries;

(d)  The report also confirmed that U.S. law enforcement agencies could not agree to its removal from the U.S. passport because it is a vital data element used in anti-terrorist, anti-drug, and anti-fraud programs; and

(e)  The GAO report reinforced previous conclusions that removal of the POB would lead to serious problems for the U.S. Government and for the majority of traveling U.S. citizens.

NOTE:  Place of birth was first added to the U.S. passport in 1917.  An October 4, 1963 staff study by the Passport Office on “Place of Birth” information in the U.S. passport reflects “the passport used during World War I was the first in which including the place of birth of the passport holder was mandatory as part of the identification of the bearer, probably as a wartime travel control measure.  The item was included in all subsequent revisions of the passport format, down to and including the present issuances.”

8 FAM 403.4-6(B)  Requests for a Different Place of Birth for U.S. Citizens Born Abroad

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)

a. A U.S. citizen born abroad may request a different POB than the POB listed on her/his birth evidence or other documents.  You must determine whether the applicant has established the POB by a preponderance of the evidence; i.e., whether it is more likely than not that the applicant was born in the claimed location.

b. If the applicant cannot obtain acceptable birth evidence from the jurisdiction where the birth purportedly occurred, the applicant must submit additional acceptable supporting evidence created near the time of birth that shows the requested POB (e.g., pre- and post-natal records, a hospital birth certificate, a baptismal certificate, etc.):

(1)  A Certificate of Naturalization cannot be used to change the POB.  The Certificate of Naturalization does not list the applicant’s POB as such: it lists the applicant’s country of former nationality at the time of naturalization, which is usually, but not always, the same as the POB.  If the applicant requests a POB that is inconsistent with the country of former nationality, you must request a foreign birth certificate showing the applicant's POB unless you are able to verify the POB in a consular system (see 8 FAM 801.1).  For example, if the applicant submits a Certificate of Naturalization showing “BOLIVIA” as the country of former nationality, but requests “THAILAND” as the POB, you must request a foreign birth certificate if you are unable to verify the POB in a consular system.

(2)  The applicant's POB generally (see paragraph d below) must be consistent with documents issued by USCIS, such as a Permanent Resident Card or Certificate of Citizenship.  If the applicant claims that the POB listed on the USCIS-issued document is incorrect, the passport cannot be issued in the requested POB unless the applicant submits a corrected USCIS issued document or an order from a Federal court changing the applicant's POB.

c.  If the applicant cannot, or does not wish to, provide acceptable supporting evidence of the requested POB, you must issue the passport with the POB listed on the USCIS-issued document if there is one (unless the POB is inconsistent with U.S. sovereign recognition policy as articulated in this FAM section – see paragraph d below) or, if not, with the POB that is supported by the preponderance of what evidence has already been presented.

d. Nothing in this section should be interpreted to suggest that the Department of State may list a POB on a Department-issued citizenship document that is inconsistent with the Department’s position and corresponding FAM guidance on the current sovereignty of a geographic area.  POB designations on Department-issued citizenship documents should always reflect the sovereign recognition policy of the United States as articulated by Department of State and reflected in FAM guidance, even if the applicant presents a Certificate of Citizenship or other non-Department of State citizenship document listing a different POB.  For example, if an applicant’s birth documentation shows birth in Jerusalem after May 14, 1948, but submits a USCIS Certificate of Citizenship stating “Israel” as the country of birth, the Department must issue a citizenship document listing only “Jerusalem” as POB, or as otherwise specified in 8 FAM 403.4-4(A), consistent with this FAM section.  Should questions arise on the designation of a POB not addressed in this section, please contact CA/PPT/S/L.

8 FAM 403.4-7  POB TableS

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)

a. The CCD converts the information from the ACS system code for POB to the TDIS system code for POB.  While the POB codes for the two systems may differ from one another, passports issued by both systems reflect the same place of birth name.

b. In accordance with 8 FAM 403.4-1, the tables in the following sub-sections are consistent with the Department's recognition policy and generally consistent with current sovereignty.  These tables generally reflect the Bureau of Intelligence and Research's Independent States of the World and Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty tables.

c.  Places outside the United States and its outlying territories or possessions where few, if any, U.S. citizens/non-citizen U.S. nationals are known to have been born may not be included in the following tables.  If a U.S. citizen/non-citizen U.S. national is born in a location not listed in the tables below, you must contact AskPPTAdjudication@state.gov for further guidance.

8 FAM 403.4-7(A)  POB Table: United States

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)

Place of Birth

TDIS Code

ACS Code

Notes

ALABAMA, U.S.A.

AL

AL

ALASKA, U.S.A.

AK

AK

ARIZONA, U.S.A.

AZ

AZ

ARKANSAS, U.S.A.

AR

AR

CALIFORNIA, U.S.A.

CA

CA

Applicants occasionally write “CA” meaning “Central America.”  Do not confuse applicant's notation with TDIS/ACS codes.  Use the corresponding country code for the countries in Central America.

COLORADO, U.S.A.

CO

CO

Do not confuse with the abbreviation "co" for "county."

CONNECTICUT, U.S.A.

CT

CT

DELAWARE, U.S.A.

DE

DE

FLORIDA, U.S.A.

FL

FL

GEORGIA, U.S.A.

GA

GA

Do not confuse with Republic of GEORGIA.

GUAM, U.S.A.

GUM

GUAM

HAWAII, U.S.A.

HI

HI

IDAHO, U.S.A.

ID

ID

ILLINOIS, U.S.A.

IL

IL

INDIANA

IN

IN

 

IOWA, U.S.A.

IA

IA

KANSAS, U.S.A.

KS

KS

KENTUCKY, U.S.A.

KY

KY

For births on Fort Campbell, you must determine whether the applicant was born in Kentucky or Tennessee.

 

The Blanchfield Army Community Hospital moved.  Children born at the Blanchfield Army Community Hospital before November 22nd, 1982, were born in Kentucky.  Children born in the Blanchfield Army Community Hospital after November 22nd, 1982, were born in Tennessee.

Please note that the mailing address for Fort Campbell is in Kentucky, even though Fort Campbell crosses state lines.  The mailing address does not indicate the place of birth, even though applicants will often list their place of birth as “Fort Campbell, Kentucky.”

LOUISIANA, U.S.A.

LA

LA

Do not confuse with the abbreviation "L.A." for "Los Angeles, California."

MAINE, U.S.A.

ME

ME

MARYLAND, U.S.A.

MD

MD

MASSACHUSETTS, U.S.A.

MA

MA

MICHIGAN, U.S.A.

MI

MI

MINNESOTA, U.S.A.

MN

MN

MISSISSIPPI, U.S.A.

MS

MS

MISSOURI, U.S.A.

MO

MO

MONTANA, U.S.A.

MT

MT

NEBRASKA, U.S.A.

NE

NE

NEVADA, U.S.A.

NV

NV

NEW HAMPSHIRE, U.S.A.

NH

NH

NEW JERSEY, U.S.A.

NJ

NJ

NEW MEXICO, U.S.A.

NM

NM

NEW YORK, U.S.A.

NY

NY

NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS, U.S.A.

MNP

MNP

Includes Saipan, Rota, and Tinian.  See 8 FAM 302.6.

NORTH CAROLINA, U.S.A.

NC

NC

NORTH DAKOTA, U.S.A.

ND

ND

OHIO, U.S.A.

OH

OH

OKLAHOMA, U.S.A.

OK

OK

OREGON, U.S.A.

OR

OR

PENNSYLVANIA, U.S.A.

PA

PA

PUERTO RICO, U.S.A.

PRI

PR

RHODE ISLAND, U.S.A.

RI

RI

SOUTH CAROLINA, U.S.A.

SC

SC

SOUTH DAKOTA, U.S.A.

SD

SD

TENNESSEE, U.S.A.

TN

TN

See KENTUCKY, U.S.A. regarding births on Fort Campbell.

TEXAS, U.S.A.

TX

TX

U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS

VIR

VI

This POB name follows common usage.

 

Do not confuse with British Virgin Islands.

UTAH, U.S.A.

UT

UT

VERMONT, U.S.A.

VT

VT

VIRGINIA, U.S.A.

VA

VA

WASHINGTON, DC, U.S.A.

DC

DC

Do not confuse with WASHINGTON, U.S.A.

Do not confuse the city of Washington, District of Columbia with COLOMBIA.

WASHINGTON, U.S.A.

WA

WA

Do not confuse with WASHINGTON, DC, U.S.A.

WEST VIRGINIA, U.S.A.

WV

WV

WISCONSIN, U.S.A.

WI

WI

Applicants occasionally write “WI” meaning “West Indies.”  Do not confuse applicant's notation with TDIS/ACS codes.  Use the corresponding country code for the islands in the West Indies.

WYOMING, U.S.A.

WY

WY

8 FAM 403.4-7(B)  POB Table: Outlying Territories and Possessions of the United States

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)

Place of Birth

TDIS Code

ACS Code

Notes

AMERICAN SAMOA

ASM

AS

Do not confuse with the Independent State of SAMOA.

 

AMERICAN SAMOA includes Swains Island (48 U.S.C. 1662).

BAKER ISLAND

XBK

XBK

HOWLAND ISLAND

XHI

XHI

JARVIS ISLAND

JOHNSTON ATOLL

XJA

XJA

KINGMAN REEF

MIDWAY ISLANDS

XMI

MDWI

NAVASSA ISLAND

PALMYRA ATOLL

XPA

PLMR

WAKE ISLAND

XWK

WKI

 

8 FAM 403.4-7(C)  Outside the United States

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)

The CCD converts the information from the ACS system code for POB to the TDIS system code for POB.  While the POB codes for the two systems may differ from one another, passports issued by both systems reflect the same place of birth name.

Place of Birth

TDIS Code

ACS Code

Notes

AFGHANISTAN

AFG

AFGH

 

ALBANIA

ALB

ALB

ALGERIA

DZA

ALGR

 

ANDORRA

AND

ANDO

 

ANGOLA

AGO

ANGL

 

ANGUILLA

AIA

ANGU

British Overseas Territory

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA

ATG

ANTI

 

ARGENTINA

ARG

ARG

 

ARMENIA

ARM

ARM

If a passport application shows Armenia as the POB, you must determine whether the actual place of birth is in the independent Republic of Armenia, or is part of the region known as Armenia, which includes parts of Turkey and Iran, and write Armenia only if the actual POB is in the Republic of Armenia.

ARUBA

ABW

ARB

Aruba seceded from the former Netherlands Antilles in 1986 and became a separate, autonomous country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

AT SEA

XAS

XAS

AUSTRALIA

AUS

ASTL

 

AUSTRIA

AUT

AUST

 

AZERBAIJAN

AZE

AZR

BAHAMAS, THE

BHS

BAMA

 

BAHRAIN

BHR

BAHR

 

BANGLADESH

BGD

BANG

Formerly East Pakistan or East Bengal.  East Pakistan seceded from its union with West Pakistan on March 26, 1971 and was renamed Bangladesh.  See also INDIA and PAKISTAN.

BARBADOS

BRB

BRDO

 

BELARUS

BLR

BYS

Formerly Byelorussia.

BELGIUM

BEL

BELG

 

BELIZE

BLZ

BLZ

Formerly British Honduras.  Achieved independence in 1981.  Do not confuse with Honduras.

BENIN

BEN

BENN

Formerly Dahomey (until 1975).

BERMUDA

BMU

BERM

British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean.

BHUTAN

BTN

BHU

 

BOLIVIA

BOL

BOL

 

BONAIRE

BON

BON

Formerly part of the Netherlands Antilles.

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

BIH

BIH

BOTSWANA

BWA

BOT

Formerly Bechuanaland.  Achieved independence and adopted new name of Botswana in 1966.

BRAZIL

BRA

BRZL

 

BRITISH INDIAN OCEAN TERRITORY

 

 

British Overseas Territory.  Includes the Chagos Archipelago and Diego Garcia.

BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS

VGB

BRVI

British Overseas Territory.  Do not confuse with the U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS.

BRUNEI

BRN

BRNI

 

BULGARIA

BGR

BULG

 

BURKINA FASO

BFA

BURK

Achieved independence from France in 1960.  Renamed Burkina Faso in 1984; Formerly Upper Volta, Haute-Volta, or Voltaic Republic. 

BURMA

MMR

BURM

Often referred to as Myanmar.

BURUNDI

BDI

BRND

Formerly part of Ruanda-Urundi.

CAMBODIA

KHM

CBDA

Formerly Kampuchea.

CAMEROON

CMR

CMRN

Formerly French Cameroons and the South Division of the Cameroons.

CANADA

CAN

CAN

 

CABO VERDE

CPV

CAVI

Formerly Cape Verde.

CAYMAN ISLANDS

CYM

CAYI

British Overseas Territory. When the Federation of the West Indies dissolved in 1962, the Cayman Islands remained a British dependency.

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

CAF

CAFR

Achieved independence in 1960.  1976-1979 known as Central African Empire.  Central African Republic includes part of former French Equatorial Africa, French colony of Ubangi-Shari.

CHAD

TCD

CHAD

 

CHILE

CHL

CHIL

 

CHINA

CHN

CHIN

COLOMBIA

COL

COL

 

COMOROS

COM

COMO

 

CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE

COG

CONB

Upon independence in 1960, the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo.  Do not confuse with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, formerly Zaire.  If you are interviewing the applicant, a good question to ask may be “What is the capital of the country where you were born – Kinshasa or Brazzaville?”

CONGO-KINSHASA

COD

COD

Formerly Zaire.  Gained independence in 1960.  Formerly Belgian Congo.  The country is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  Both this country and the Republic of the Congo, a neighboring state, are known by the short form name of Congo.  To avoid confusion, these places of birth codes are written as noted.  Do not place spaces before or after the hyphen.  In order to have Congo-Kinshasa written as place of birth in a passport, the applicant must submit documentation such as a previous passport, naturalization certificate or secondary documentation that lists the place of birth as the Democratic Republic of the Congo or as Zaire.

 

If the application and its accompanying documentation show just “Congo” as the place of birth, the applicant’s city of birth must be determined.  Then determine the State where the city is located.  If you are interviewing the applicant, a good question to ask may be “What is the capital of the country where you were born – Kinshasa or Brazzaville?”

 

Zaire may no longer be listed in a U.S. passport as a place of birth.

COOK ISLANDS

COK

CKIS

Administrative control was transferred to New Zealand in 1965.  Residents chose self-government in free association with New Zealand.  New Zealand considers the Cook Islands to be part of New Zealand.

COSTA RICA

CRI

CSTR

 

COTE D’IVOIRE

CIV

IVCO

Known in English as Ivory Coast.  Achieved independence in 1960.

CROATIA

HRV

HRV

CUBA

CUB

CUBA

 

CURACAO

CUR

CUR

The Netherlands Antilles dissolved on October 10, 2010.  Curaçao became an autonomous country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

CYPRUS

CYP

CYPR

 

CZECH REPUBLIC

CSK

CZEC

Formerly part of Czechoslovakia.

DENMARK

DNK

DEN

 

DJIBOUTI

DJI

DJI

Formerly French Territory of Afars and Issas.  Includes former French Somaliland.  Became Djibouti in 1977.

DOMINICA

DMA

DOMN

Do not confuse with the Dominican Republic.

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

DOM

DOMR

Do not confuse with Dominica.

ECUADOR

ECU

ECUA

Includes the Galapagos Islands.

EGYPT

EGY

EGYP

Formerly United Arab Republic.

EL SALVADOR

SLV

ELSL

 

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

GNQ

EGN

Do not confuse with Guinea or Guinea-Bissau.  Achieved independence in 1968.

ERITREA

ERI

ERI

Formerly a province of Ethiopia, Eritrea became an independent country on May 24, 1993.  Either Eritrea or Ethiopia may be listed as the place of birth on a previous passport, naturalization certificate or other documentation.  Cities: Capital--Asmara. Other cities--Keren; Assab; Massawa; Afabet; Tessenie; Mendefera; Dekemhare; Adekeieh; Barentu; Ghinda.

ESTONIA

EST

EST

 

ESWATINI

SWZ

SZLD

Formerly Swaziland. The change of name from Swaziland to Eswatini was legally codified on May 11, 2018.

ETHIOPIA

ETH

ETH

The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia is comprised of nine states and two city administrations (Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa).  Formerly Abyssinia.  See also Eritrea.

FALKLAND ISLANDS

FLK

FKLI

British Overseas Territory.  Claimed by Argentina.  Also known as Islas Malvinas.

FAROE ISLANDS

FRO

FAER

Autonomous constituent country within Denmark.

FIJI

FJI

FIJI

 

FINLAND

FIN

FIN

 

FRANCE

FRA

FRAN

 

FRENCH GUIANA

GUF

FRGN

An overseas Department and Region of France in South America and not a dependency or area of special sovereignty.

Do not confuse with French Guinea in Africa, now called Guinea.

FRENCH POLYNESIA

PYF

FPOL

Includes Tahiti, Moorea, Austral Islands, Gambier Islands, Marquesas Islands, and Society Islands (Bora Bora is one of the Society Islands).

GABON

GAB

GABN

 

GAMBIA, THE

GMB

GAM

Achieved independence in 1965.  Formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia with Senegal from 1982-1989.

GAZA STRIP

XGZ

XGZ

See 8 FAM 403.4-4(A).

GEORGIA

GEO

GRZ

Do not confuse with GEORGIA, U.S.A.

GERMANY

DEU

GER

 

GHANA

GHA

GHAN

On March 6, 1957, the British Commonwealth Possessions formerly known as British Togoland, Ashanti, the Northern Territories and the Gold Coast were united under one rule as the new country of Ghana.  Do not confuse with French Togoland which is now Togo.

GIBRALTAR

GIB

GIB

British Overseas Territory.

GREECE

GRC

GRC

 

GREENLAND

GRL

GRLD

Autonomous constituent country within the Kingdom of Denmark.

GRENADA

GRD

GREN

Achieved independence in 1974.

GUADELOUPE

GLP

GUAD

An overseas Department and Region of France and not a dependency or area of special sovereignty.  Includes Les Saintes, Desirade, and Marie-Galante.  Does not include St. Barthelemy or St. Martin.

GUATEMALA

GTM

GUAT

 

GUERNSEY

GGY

GGY

Alderney, Sark, and Herm are part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey

 

Self Governing British Crown Dependency in the English Channel off the coast of Normandy.  Guernsey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy.  Guernsey is a British crown dependency but is not part of the United Kingdom. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.

GUINEA

GIN

GNEA

Do not confuse with GUINEA-BISSAU or EQUATORIAL GUINEA.  Formerly French Guinea.

GUINEA-BISSAU

GNB

GUIB

Do not confuse with EQUATORIAL GUINEA or GUINEA.  Formerly Portuguese Guinea.

GUYANA

GUY

GUY

Formerly British Guiana.  Achieved independence in 1966.

HAITI

HTI

HAT

 

HONDURAS

HND

HOND

Do not confuse with former British Honduras, now BELIZE which achieved independence in 1981. 

HONG KONG SAR

HKG

HNK

Under a Sino-British declaration of September 1984, Hong Kong reverted to Chinese control on July 1, 1997.

 

See 8 FAM 403.4-4(E)

HUNGARY

HUN

HUNG

 

ICELAND

ISL

ICLD

 

IN THE AIR

XIR

XIR

INDIA

IND

IND

India and Pakistan were partitioned at midnight on August 14, 1947.  See BANGLADESH and PAKISTAN.

INDONESIA

IDN

IDSA

Declared independence in 1945.  See also TIMOR-LESTE.

IRAN

IRN

IRAN

 

IRAQ

IRQ

IRAQ

 

IRELAND

IRL

IRE

Do not confuse with Northern Ireland.

ISLE OF MAN

IMN

IMN

Self Governing British Crown Dependency in the Irish Sea between England and Ireland.  The Isle of Man represents the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy.  The Isle of Man is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.

ISRAEL

ISR

ISRL

ITALY

ITA

ITLY

 

JAMAICA

JAM

JAM

 

JAPAN

JPN

JPN

Includes Ryukyu Islands, Okinawa, and Bonin Islands.

JERSEY

JEY

JEY

Self Governing British Crown Dependency in the English Channel off the coast of Normandy.  The Bailiwick of Jersey and the other Channel Islands represent the last remnants of the medieval Dukedom of Normandy.  Jersey is a British crown dependency but is not part of the United Kingdom. However, the UK Government is constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation. 

 

Do not confuse with NEW JERSEY, U.S.A.

JERUSALEM

XJE

JRSM

See 8 FAM 403.4-4(A).

JORDAN

JOR

JORD

 

KAZAKHSTAN

KAZ

KAZ

On August 4, 1997, the U.S. Board of Geographic Names changed the official conventional spelling of Kazakstan to KAZAKHSTAN.  The birthplace code remained the same.

KENYA

KEN

KENY

 

KIRIBATI

KIR

KIRI

Includes Banaba (Ocean) Island, the Gilbert Islands, the Phoenix Islands, and the following Line Islands: Teraina, Tabuaeran, Kiritimati (Christmas), Malden, Starbuck, Vostok, Caroline and Flint.

KOREA, REPUBLIC OF

KOR

KOR

Use for place of birth in the REPUBLIC OF KOREA.

KOREA, DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF

 

 

For applicants listing the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea as a place of birth, contact AskPPTAdjudication@state.gov.

KOSOVO

KSV

KSV

On February 17, 2008, the Republic of Kosovo declared independence.  The United States recognized the independence of Kosovo on February 18, 2008.  The place of birth for Kosovo, regardless of the date of birth, should be KOSOVO.

KUWAIT

KWT

KUWT

 

KYRGYZSTAN

KGZ

KGZ

LAOS

LAO

LAOS

 

LATVIA

LVA

LATV

 

LEBANON

LBN

LEBN

 

LESOTHO

LSO

LES

Formerly Basutoland; name changed when granted full independence from the United Kingdom October 4, 1966.

LIBERIA

LBR

LIBR

 

LIBYA

LBY

LBYA

 

LIECHTENSTEIN

LIE

LCHT

 

LITHUANIA

LTU

LITH

 

LUXEMBOURG

LUX

LXM

 

MACAU SAR

MAC

MAC

Under the Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau signed in 1987, Macau reverted to Chinese control on December 20, 1999.

See 8 FAM 403.4-4(E)

NORTH MACEDONIA

MKD

MKD

Formerly Macedonia.  If applicant lists the place of birth on a passport application as the Republic of Macedonia or Macedonia, you must determine whether the city or town of birth is part of the Republic of North Macedonia, Greece, Albania, or Bulgaria.  If the city is within the Republic of North Macedonia, write NORTH MACEDONIA.  Otherwise, list GREECE, ALBANIA, or BULGARIA, as appropriate.

MADAGASCAR

MDG

MADG

 

MALAWI

MWI

MALW

 

MALAYSIA

MYS

MLAS

Formerly Federation of Malaya, which included British North Borneo and Sarwak.  Includes Johore, Kedah, Kelantan, Labuan, Malacca, Negri Sembilan, Pahang, Penang, Perak, Perlis, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, and Terengganu.

MALDIVES

MDV

MLDV

Formerly Maldive Islands

MALI

MLI

MALI

Formerly known as Soudanese Republic, French Sudan; The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of France in 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, what formerly made up the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali.

MALTA

MLT

MLTA

 

MARSHALL ISLANDS

MHL

RMI

MARTINIQUE

MTQ

MART

An Overseas Department and Region of France and not a dependency or area of special sovereignty.

MAURITANIA

MRT

MAUR

Formerly part of French West Africa.  Do not confuse with Mauritius.

MAURITIUS

MUS

MRTS

Do not confuse with Mauritania.

MAYOTTE

XYO

XYO

An Overseas Department and Region of France and not a dependency or area of special sovereignty.

Geographically part of the Comoro Islands, but it was the only island in the archipelago that voted in 1974 to retain its link with France and forgo independence.  Also known as Mahore.

MEXICO

MEX

MEX

 

MICRONESIA, FEDERATED STATES OF

FSM

FSM

Includes the island states of Yap, Chuuk (Truk), Pohnpei (Ponape), and Kosrae.

MOLDOVA

MDA

MLD

MONACO

MCO

MON

 

MONGOLIA

MNG

MONG

Do not confuse with Inner Mongolia, China.

MONTENEGRO

MTG

MTG

Formerly part of Yugoslavia. The United States and Montenegro established diplomatic relations on August 15, 2006.

MONTSERRAT

MSR

MONT

British Overseas Territory.

MOROCCO

MAR

MORO

The United States ceased using designations “French Morocco” or “Spanish Morocco” in U.S. passports on October 22, 1956.  Includes Ifni, the former French Morocco, the former International Zone of Tangier and former Spanish Morocco.  For the cities of Ceuta and Melilla, write SPAIN.

MOZAMBIQUE

MOZ

MOZ

Formerly part of Portuguese (African) Overseas Provinces.  Became independent June 25, 1975.

NAMIBIA

NAM

NAMB

Formerly known as South-West Africa.  Achieved independence in 1990.  (Walvis Bay and the Penguin Islands remained under South African control until 1994)

NAURU

NRU

NAU

Achieved independence in 1968.

NEPAL

NPL

NEP

 

NETHERLANDS

NLD

NETH

 

NEW CALEDONIA

NCL

NCAL

On November 4, 2018, voters in the French Pacific Territory of New Caledonia rejected a bid for independence.

NEW ZEALAND

NZL

NZLD

 

NICARAGUA

NIC

NIC

 

NIGER

NER

NIR

Formerly part of French West Africa.  Achieved independence in 1960.

NIGERIA

NGA

NIGR

NIUE

NIU

NIUE

Self-governing island in the South Pacific, in free association with New Zealand.  New Zealand considers Niue to be part of New Zealand.

NORFOLK ISLAND

NFK

NFK

External Territory of Australia, together with Philip Island and Nepean Island. 

NORWAY

NOR

NORW

 

OMAN

OMN

OMAN

Formerly Muscat and Oman

PAKISTAN

PAK

PKST

India and Pakistan were partitioned at midnight on August 14, 1947.  See also BANGLADESH and INDIA.

PALAU

PLW

PALA

Includes Koror and other islands.

PALESTINE

XPL

PAL

See 8 FAM 403.4-4(A).

PANAMA

PAN

PAN

 

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

PNG

PNG

 

PARAGUAY

PRY

PARA

 

PERU

PER

PERU

 

PHILIPPINES

PHL

PHIL

 

PITCAIRN ISLANDS

PCN

PITC

British Overseas Territory.  Includes Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands.

POLAND

POL

POL

 

PORTUGAL

PRT

PORT

Includes Azores  and Madeira Islands

QATAR

QAT

QTAR

 

REUNION

REU

REUN

An Overseas Department and Region of France located in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar, 200 kilometers southwest of Mauritius and not a dependency or area of special sovereignty.

ROMANIA

ROM

ROM

 

RUSSIA

RUS

RUS

 

RWANDA

RWA

RWND

 

SABA

SAB

SAB

Formerly part of the Netherlands Antilles.  Now a special municipality within the Netherlands.  Do not confuse with Sabah, which is part of Malaysia.

SAMOA

WSM

WSAM

On July 4, 1997, the Legislative Assembly of Western Samoa passed a constitutional amendment that changed the name of Western Samoa to the Independent State of Samoa.  On August 4, 1997, the U.S. Board on Geographic Names approved the name change. 

The Independent State of Samoa is made up principally of the islands of Upolu and Savai’i.

Do not confuse the Independent State of Samoa with the U.S. outlying possession of American Samoa.  When a passport application shows “Samoa” as place of birth, the applicant’s city of birth should be determined and the appropriate place of birth to be written in the passport.

SAN MARINO

SMR

SMAR

SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE

STP

STPR

Formerly part of Portuguese (African) Overseas Provinces.  Achieved independence in 1975.

SAUDI ARABIA

SAU

SARB

 

SENEGAL

SEN

SENG

Formerly part of French West Africa.  Achieved independence in 1960.  Joined with The Gambia to form the nominal confederation of Senegambia in 1982.  Union dissolved in 1989.

SERBIA

SRM

SBA

SEYCHELLES

SYC

SEYC

 

SIERRA LEONE

SLE

SLEO

 

SINGAPORE

SGP

SING

 

SLOVAKIA

SVK

SVK

SLOVENIA

SVN

SVN

 

SOLOMON ISLANDS

SLB

SLMN

Independence achieved in 1978.  Formerly known as British Solomon Islands.  Includes southern Solomon Islands, primarily Guadalcanal, Malaita, San Cristobal, Santa Isabel and Choiseul.  Do not confuse with the portion of the Solomon Islands (primarily Bougainville and Buka) which is now part of Papua New Guinea.

SOMALIA

SOM

SOMA

Formerly Italian Somaliland and British Somaliland.  Achieved independence in 1960.

SOUTH AFRICA

ZAF

SAFR

 

SOUTH GEORGIA AND THE SOUTH SANDWICH ISLANDS

 

 

British Overseas territory.

SOUTH SUDAN

SSD

SSD

South Sudan achieved independence from Sudan on July 9, 2011.  The United States has recognized the Republic of South Sudan.

SPAIN

ESP

SPN

Includes the Balearic and Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.

SRI LANKA

LKA

SRL

Formerly Ceylon.  Ceylon became independent in 1948.  Renamed Sri Lanka in 1972.

SINT EUSTATIUS

STE

STE

Formerly part of the Netherlands Antilles.  Now a special municipality within the Netherlands.

ST. HELENA

SHN

SHEL

British Overseas Territory consisting of St. Helena, the Ascension Islands and the Island Group of Tristan da Cunha.

ST. KITTS AND NEVIS

KNA

STCN

Achieved independence in 1983.  Also known as St. Christopher and Nevis. 

The Island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971.

ST. LUCIA

LCA

SLCA

Achieved independence in 1979.

SINT MAARTEN

STM

STNR

Autonomous country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.

 

Formerly part of the Netherlands Antilles.  Do not confuse with St. Martin, part of the same island but a French Overseas Collectivity.

ST. PIERRE AND MIQUELON

SPM

SPMI

Island in the North Atlantic Ocean south of Newfoundland, Canada.  French Overseas Territory.

ST. VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES

VCT

STVN

Between 1960-1962 was a separate administrative unit of the Federation of the West Indies.  Autonomy was granted in 1969 and achieved independence in 1979.

SUDAN

SDN

SUDA

Achieved independence from United Kingdom in 1956.  Formerly Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.  Do not confuse with Soudan or Soudanese Republic, which is now part of Mali.  See also SOUTH SUDAN.

SURINAME

SUR

SURM

Formerly Dutch Guiana.  Achieved independence from The Netherlands in 1975.

SWEDEN

SWE

SWDN

 

SWITZERLAND

CHE

SWTZ

 

SYRIA

SYR

SYR

 

TAIWAN

TWN or

CHN

TWAN or CHIN

TAJIKISTAN

TJK

TJK

TANZANIA

TZA

TAZN

Formerly Tanganyika.  Became independent from United Kingdom in 1961.  Merged with Zanzibar to form Tanzania in 1964.

THAILAND

THA

THAI

 

TIMOR-LESTE

TLS

TMOR

On May 20, 2002, East Timor became an independent nation.  East Timor was previously under the authority of the United Nations.  On July 10, 2007, the Foreign Names Committee of the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN) approved “Timor-Leste” as the short form name of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste.

TOGO

TGO

TOGO

Formerly French Togoland.  Achieved independence in 1960.  Do not confuse with former British Togoland now part of Ghana.

TOKELAU

TKL

XTK

Includes Atafu, Fafaofu, and Nakunono Atolls.  A British Protectorate in 1889, transferred to New Zealand administration in 1925.  A non-self-governing colonial territory of New Zealand.  Also known as the Union Islands until 1976 when the name officially became TOKELAU.  New Zealand considers Tokelau to be part of New Zealand.

TONGA

TON

TONG

Includes Friendly Islands.

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

TTO

TRIN

Achieved independence in 1962.

TUNISIA

TUN

TNSA

 

TURKEY

TUR

TRKY

 

TURKMENISTAN

TKM

TKM

 

TURKS AND CAICOS ISLANDS

TCA

TCIS

British Overseas territory.

TUVALU

TUV

TUV

Formerly Ellice Islands.  Achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1978.

UGANDA

UGA

UGAN

 

UKRAINE

UKR

UKR

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

ARE

UAE

Merged as United Arab Emirates (UAE) in 1971.  Formerly known as Trucial States.  Includes Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al Qaywayn, Ras al Khaymah, and Fujayrah.

UNITED KINGDOM

GBR

GRBR

Effective November 30, 1955, the United States began to use the term “United Kingdom” rather than “British Isles,” “Great Britain,” “England,” “Scotland,” “Northern Ireland,” “Wales.”

URUGUAY

URY

URU

 

UZBEKISTAN

UZB

UZB

VANUATU

VUT

VANU

Formerly New Hebrides. Anglo-French Condominium.  Achieved independence in 1980.

VENEZUELA

VEN

VENZ

 

VIETNAM

VNM

VTNM

 

WALLIS AND FUTUNA

WLF

WAFT

French Overseas Territory.

WEST BANK

XWB

XWB

See 8 FAM 403.4-4(A).

WESTERN SAHARA

ESH

SSAH

Disputed Territory.

YEMEN

YEM

YEM

The Republic of Yemen was established May 22, 1990 following unification of the former Yemen Arab Republic (North) and the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South).  The capital is Sanaa.

ZAMBIA

ZMB

ZAMB

Formerly known as Northern Rhodesia.  Achieved independence in 1964.

ZIMBABWE

ZWE

ZIMB

Formerly known as Southern Rhodesia.  Achieved independence in 1980.

8 FAM 403.4-7(D)  POB Table: Other Names of Locations

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)

a. Other names of locations are provided below for reference purposes only to assist you in finding the correct name when presented with a birth record reflecting the previous place name or a location with potential for confusion.

b. When there are multiple, possible current names for a country, you must determine the exact location of the applicant’s POB, and thus which country is recognized/has current sovereignty.

c.  The chart below is not exhaustive.

Former/Unrecognized Name

Current Name(s)

Notes

Abkhazia

GEORGIA

The self-styled “Republic of Abkhazia” declared its independence from Georgia on July 23, 1992, but the United States considers Abkhazia to be an integral part of Georgia, not an independent state.

Admiralty Islands

PAPUA NEW GUINEA

Following Papuan independence on September 16, 1975, sovereignty was transferred from Australia to Papua New Guinea.

Akrotiri

UNITED KINGDOM

United Kingdom sovereign base area on the island of Cyprus.

Ascension Island

ST. HELENA

British Overseas Territory

Ascension Island has been a dependency of St. Helena since September 12, 1922.

Austral Islands

FRENCH POLYNESIA

 

Azores

PORTUGAL

 

Baja California

MEXICO

Do not confuse with CALIFORNIA, U.S.A.

Balearic Islands

SPAIN

 

Bali

INDONESIA

 

Bechuanaland

BOTSWANA

Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name upon independence in 1966.

Bessarabia

MOLDOVA, UKRAINE

Not all of Bessarabia is in present-day Moldova.  A large portion of it is in Ukraine.  If presented with birth evidence reflecting Bessarabia, contact AskPPTAdjudication@state.gov.

Bonin Islands

JAPAN

Includes Nampo-Shoto, Bonin Islands, Volcano Islands, Rosario Island (Nishino-Shima), Marcus Island (Monami-Torj-Shima), and Parece (Okino-Tori-Shima.  The administration of the Bonin Islands was returned to Japan June 26, 1968.

Borneo

BRUNEI, MALAYSIA, INDONESIA

 

British Cameroons

NIGERIA, CAMEROON

Do not confuse with the former French Cameroons.  See Cameroon(s) Northern Division and Cameroons, Southern Division.

British Somaliland

SOMALIA

Britain withdrew from British Somaliland in 1960 in order to allow its protectorate to join with Italian Somaliland and form the new nation of Somalia.

Byelorussia

BELARUS

 

Cameroons, Northern Division

NIGERIA

Do not confuse with Cameroons, Southern Division (formerly French) now CAMEROON.

Cameroons, Southern Division

CAMEROON

 

Canary Islands

SPAIN

 

Caroline Island

KIRIBATI

Do not confuse with Eastern or Western Caroline Islands (now FSM  and Palau).

Caroline Islands, Eastern

MICRONESIA, FEDERATED STATES OF or the MARSHALL ISLANDS

The Federated States of Micronesia includes  Chuuk (Truk), Pohnpei (Ponape), and Kosrae.  The Marshall Islands includes Majuro, Kwajalein, Eyebye.  Do not confuse with Caroline Island (KIR) or Caroline Islands, Western Caroline Islands (Yap and Palau).

Caroline Islands, Western

PALAU or MICRONESIA, FEDERATED STATES OF

 

Christmas Island (Indian Ocean)

AUSTRALIA

The Territory of Christmas Island is a small, non self-governing territory of Australia located in the Indian Ocean.  Do not confuse with Christmas Island, part of Kiribati in the Pacific Ocean.

 

Christmas Island is considered part of Australia for legal and administrative purposes.  Residents of the islands (including former British subjects) were provided with the opportunity to become Australian citizens. Similar to mainland Australia, people born on Christmas Island are full Australian citizens where they meet conditions specified under the Australian Citizenship Act 2007.

Christmas Island (Pacific Ocean, Kiritimati)

KIRIBATI

Located in the Pacific Ocean.  Do not confuse with Christmas Island in Indian Ocean. 

Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Indian Ocean)

AUSTRALIA

Territory of Australia since November 23, 1955.  Do not confuse with Coco Island in Costa Rica (Isla del Coco).

 

Cocos Islands are considered part of Australia for legal and administrative purposes.  Residents of the islands (including former British subjects) were provided with the opportunity to become Australian citizens.  Similar to mainland Australia, people born on Cocos Islands are Australian citizens where they meet conditions specified under the Australian Citizenship Act 2007.

Coral Sea Islands

AUSTRALIA

External territory of Australia since September 30, 1969.

Crimean Autonomous Republic

UKRAINE

In March 2014, the Russian Federation attempted to annex the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol, two political subdivisions of Ukraine located on the Crimean peninsula. The United States considers the Crimean peninsula to remain an integral part of Ukraine, not part of the Russian Federation

Czechoslovakia

CZECH REPUBLIC, SLOVAKIA

On January 1, 1993, Czechoslovakia dissolved into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

 

If the applicant was born in one of the former provinces of Bohemia, Moravia, or the Sudetenland, see CZECH REPUBLIC.

 

If the applicant was born in the former province of Slovakia, see SLOVAKIA.

Dhekelia

UNITED KINGDOM

United Kingdom sovereign base area on the island of Cyprus.

East Pakistan (East Bengal)

BANGLADESH

Formerly East Pakistan or East Bengal.  East Pakistan seceded from its union with West Pakistan on March 26, 1971 and was renamed Bangladesh.

East Prussia

POLAND, RUSSIA

After World War II the area was divided between Poland and the U.S.S.R. (currently the Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia) and the present location of actual place of birth should be determined before writing either Russia or Poland.

East Timor

TIMOR-LESTE

 

French Cameroons

CAMEROON

Do not confuse with former British Cameroons, now in NIGERIA and CAMEROON.

French Congo

CONGO-BRAZZAVILLE

 

French Equatorial Africa

CHAD, GABON, CONGO, CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

 

French Guinea

GUINEA

Do not confuse with French Guiana in South America or Equatorial Guinea or Guinea-Bissau in Africa. 

French Somaliland

DJIBOUTI

Formerly French Territory of Afars and Issas.  Became independent in 1977.

French Togoland

TOGO

Do not confuse with British Togoland, now part of GHANA.

French Territory Of Afars And Issas

DJIBOUTI

Includes former French Somaliland. The French Territory of the Afars and the Issas became DJIBOUTI in 1977.

French West Indies

GUADELOUPE, MARTINIQUE

 

Friendly Islands

TONGA

 

German Democratic Republic (GDR or East Germany)

GERMANY

The GDR was formally incorporated into the Federal Republic of Germany on August 31, 1990.

On September 21, 1949, the United States, the United Kingdom, and France established the Federal Republic of Germany out of their occupation zones.  The Soviets Union created the German Democratic Republic on October 7, 1949.  The United States maintained that the GDR was “without any legal validity.” Full diplomatic relations with the FRG were established on May 6, 1955.  The United States did not formally recognize the GDR until September 4, 1974.

 

You may receive documents indicating birth in the GDR.

Golan Heights

ISRAEL

See 8 FAM 403.4-4(A).

Irish Free State

IRELAND

Irish Free State existed from 1922-1937.

Isle of Wight

UNITED KINGDOM

 

Italian Somaliland

SOMALIA

On July 1, 1960, Italian Somaliland was granted its independence. It immediately united with neighboring British Somaliland (which had become independent on June 26) to form the Republic of SOMALIA.

Kiritimati

KIRIBATI

It was previously called Christmas Island when it made up part of the former British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands.

Kuril Islands

List the current city of birth.  If the applicant objects to the listing of the current Russian town name, contact AskPPTAdjudication@state.gov

The Kuril Islands are administered by Russia, but the southernmost four islands – Kunashiri, Etorofu, Shikotan and the Habomai Islets are claimed by Japan.

Kwajalein

MARSHALL ISLANDS

 

Marquesas Islands

FRENCH POLYNESIA

 

Myanmar

BURMA

 

Nagorno-Karabakh

AZERBAIJAN

The self-styled Nagorno-Karabakh Republic declared its independence from Azerbaijan on September 2, 1990, but the United States does not recognize it as an independent state.

Netherlands Antilles

ARUBA,

BONAIRE,

CURACAO,

SABA,

SINT EUSTATIUS,

SINT MAARTEN

The Netherlands Antilles ceased to exist as a political entity on October 10, 2010.

New Guinea

PAPUA NEW GUINEA, INDONESIA

 

New Hebrides

VANUATU

 

Northern Cyprus

CYPRUS

The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus declared its independence from Cyprus on November 15, 1983.

Northern Ireland

UNITED KINGDOM

Includes Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry, Tyrone and the City of Belfast.  Do not confuse with IRELAND.

Northern Rhodesia

ZAMBIA

 

Okinawa

JAPAN

The administration of Okinawa was returned to Japan May 15, 1972.

Panama Canal Zone

PANAMA

For persons born in the former Panama Canal Zone on or after October 1, 1979, the POB in the passport must be listed as PANAMA.


For persons born before October 1, 1979, the POB in the passport should be listed as PANAMA; however, if the applicant objects to the use of either Panama as the place of birth designation in the passport enter the city of birth.

Polish Corridor

POLAND

Also known as the Danzig Corridor or the Gdansk Corridor.

Portuguese Guinea

GUINEA-BISSAU

 

Rhodesia

ZIMBABWE

 

Rhodesia, Northern

ZAMBIA

 

Rhodesia, Southern

ZIMBABWE

 

Rota (Not Air Force Base)

NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS, U.S.A

Do not confuse with Rota Air Force Base, Spain.

Ruanda-Urundi

BURUNDI, RWANDA

 

Ryukyu Islands

JAPAN

The administration of the Southern Ryukyu Islands, which includes the island of Okinawa, was returned to Japan on May 15, 1972. 

Sabah

MALAYSIA

Formerly British Borneo.  Do not confuse with SABA.

Sakhalin Island

RUSSIA

 

Serbia and Montenegro

SERBIA, MONTENEGRO

On May 21, 2006, the Republic of Montenegro held a successful referendum on independence and declared independence on June 3, 2006.  Thereafter, the parliament of Serbia stated that the Republic of Serbia was the continuity of the state union, changing the name of the country from Serbia and Montenegro to the Republic of Serbia.  The United States and Montenegro established diplomatic relations on August 15, 2006.

Sinai Peninsula

EGYPT

 

Somaliland

SOMALIA

The Republic of Somaliland declared independence from Somalia on May 18, 1991, but the United States does not recognize it as an independent state. The United States considers Somaliland to be an integral part of Somalia, not an independent state.

Sudanese Republic

MALI

The Sudanese Republic and Senegal became independent of France in 1960 as the Mali Federation. When Senegal withdrew after only a few months, what formerly made up the Sudanese Republic was renamed Mali.

South Ossetia

GEORGIA

The self-styled “Republic of South Ossetia” declared its independence from GEORGIA on November 28, 1991, but the United States considers South Ossetia to be an integral part of Georgia, not an independent state.”

South West Africa

NAMIBIA

Do not confuse with SOUTH AFRICA.

Spanish Equatorial Guinea

EQUATORIAL GUINEA

Gained independence from Spain in 1968.  Do not confuse with Guinea or Guinea-Bissau.

Spanish Sahara

WESTERN SAHARA

Disputed Territory.

St. Barthelemy

SAINT BARTHELEMY

February 2007 adoption of a new status, and the new Overseas Collectivity of Saint Barthélemy.

St. Christopher (St. Kitts)

ST. KITTS AND NEVIS

 

St. Croix

U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS

 

St. John

U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS

 

St. Martin

SAINT MARTIN

February 2007 adoption of a new status, and the new Overseas Collectivity of St. Martin; Formerly: Part of Guadeloupe; French West Indies; French Antilles.  Do not confuse with Sint Maarten.

St. Thomas

U.S. VIRGIN ISLANDS

 

Svalbard

NORWAY

Svalbard is a territory of Norway administered by the Polar Department of the Ministry of Justice, through a governor (sysselmann) residing in Longyearbyen, Svalbard.  Sovereignty was awarded to Norway by treaty on February 9, 1920.  The laws of Norway, where applicable, apply.

 

Also known as Spitsbergen.

Swaziland

ESWATINI

The change of name from Swaziland to Eswatini was legally codified on May 11, 2018.

Tibet

CHINA

The United States recognizes the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) and Tibetan autonomous counties and prefectures in other provinces to be a part of CHINA.

Togoland

TOGO, GHANA

On December 27, 1916 Togoland was divided into French Togoland and British Togoland.  Most of the territory formerly belonging to Togoland is part of TOGO, with a small part transferred to GHANA.

Tortola

BRITISH VIRGIN ISLANDS

 

Transnistria

MOLDOVA

May also be listed as the self-styled “Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic and Trans-Dniester,” which declared its independence from Moldova on September 2, 1990.The United States considers Transnistria to be an integral part of Moldova, and does not recognize it as an independent state.

Tuamotu-Gambier Islands

FRENCH POLYNESIA

 

United Arab Republic

EGYPT, SYRIA

A union of Egypt and Syria formed in 1958 and dissolved in 1961. 

Upper Volta

BURKINA FASO

Achieved independence from France in 1960.  Renamed Burkina Faso in 1984; Formerly Upper Volta, Haute-Volta, or Voltaic Republic.

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R. or Soviet Union)

ARMENIA, AZERBAIJAN,

BELARUS, GEORGIA, KAZAKHSTAN, KYRGYZSTAN, MOLDOVA, RUSSIA, TAJIKISTAN, TURKMENISTAN, UKRAINE, UZBEKISTAN

The U.S.S.R. was formally dissolved on December 26, 1991.

The United States did not recognize LATVIA, LITHUANIA, and ESTONIA as part of the U.S.S.R.  However, you may receive documents indicating birth in this countries issued by the U.S.S.R.

Wales

UNITED KINGDOM

 

Western Samoa

SAMOA

The Independent State of SAMOA.

Yugoslavia

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA, CROATIA, KOSOVO, MACEDONIA, MONTENEGRO, SERBIA, SLOVENIA

 

Zaire

CONGO-KINSHASA

 

Zanzibar

TANZANIA

Merged with Tanganyika in 1964 to form Tanzania.

8 FAM 403.4-8  Information Notice to Bearer Requesting City of Birth Listing

(CT:CITZ-28;   11-06-2019)

 

Seal of the Department of State

 

United States Department of State

Bureau of Consular Affairs

 

NOTICE TO UNITED STATES CITIZENS BORN ABROAD REGARDING

PLACES OF BIRTH TO BE WRITTEN IN PASSPORTS

United States citizens born abroad may list the city or town, rather than the country, of their birth in United States passports when there is an objection to the country listing as established by the Department of State.  The city or town name to be designated will be the name at the date of the passport applicant’s birth, or the current name.  The appropriate transliteration of the city or town name will be established by the Office of the Geographer of the U.S. Department of State.

Passport applicants who opt for the city or town of birth designation should be aware that they may encounter difficulties in traveling to, or in obtaining visas for entry into, certain foreign countries.  A foreign country’s embassy or consulate may refuse to issue a visa that is required to enter that country and the applicant will effectively be barred from traveling to that country.  An applicant who, having been denied a visa, requests a replacement passport with the country listed as the place of birth designation will be charged the normal issuance fee for the replacement passport.

Passport applicants should also be aware that although a visa may not be required to enter a particular country, the traveler must often show a passport at the port of entry.  Entry may be denied by border officials based on the city or town listed as the place of birth in the passport.  The U.S. Department of State will not be in a position to facilitate entry in such cases.  The only service U.S. embassies or consulates can provide will be issuance of a replacement passport with the country listed as the place of birth.  The traveler will be charged the normal issuance fee for the replacement passport.

UNCLASSIFIED (U)